2002 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 69, 2002

2002 Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 69, 2002

 

Contents Pages: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol 62, 1995

CONTENTS

Volume 69: Number 1

Seasonal abundance of adult ixodid ticks infesting cattle belonging to resource-limited farmers in the north-eastern Free State Province of South Africa Hlatshwayo, M, Mbati, PA & Dipeolu, OO 1

Redescription of some Spauligodon spp. and Parapharyngodon spp., and of Skrjabinodon mabuyae (Sandground, 1936) Inglis, 1968 (Pharyngodonidae: Oxyuroidea) from insectivorous South African lizards Boomker, JDF, Hering-Hagenbeck, SFBN & Petter, AJ 7

Redescription of some Thelandros and Tachygonetria spp. (Pharyngodonidae: Oxyuroidea) from the omnivorous plated lizard, Gerrhosaurus validus validus A. Smith, 1849 in South Africa Boomker, JDF, Hering-Hagenbeck, SFBN & Petter, AJ 31

Description of Pelonia africana n. g., n. sp. (Pentastomida: Sebekidae) from the lungs of Pelomedusa subrufa and Pelusios sinuatus (Chelonia) in South Africa Boomker, JDF & Junker, K 53

Validation of an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of antibody against Brucella abortus in cattle sera using an automated ELISA workstation Paweska, JT, Prozesky, L, Potts, AD, Harris, HJ, Smith, SJ, Viljoen, GJ, Dungu, B, Brett, OL & Bubb, M 61

The classification of seven serotypes of equine encephalosis virus and the prevalence of homologous antibody in horses in South Africa Howell, PG, Bosman, AM, Coetzer, JAW, Guthrie, AJ, Groenewald, D & Visage, CW 79

Research communication:

Teratogenicity of a mutagenised Rift Valley fever virus (MVP 12) in sheep Hunter, P, Erasmus, BJ & Vorster, JH 95

Volume 69: Number 2

Acaricide resistance profiles of single- and multi-host ticks from communal and commercial farming areas in the Eastern Cape and North-West Provinces of South Africa Horak, IG, Mekonnen, S, Bryson, NR, Fourie, LJ, Peter, RJ, Spickett, AM, Taylor, RJ & Strydom, T 99

Parasitological prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Kindo Koisha district, Wollaita zone, south Ethiopia Kidanemariam, A, Hadgu, K & Sahle, M 107

Seasonal abundance of four Culicoides spp. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) at Al-Ahsa oasis, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia Abu Elzein, EME, Hilali, M, Al-Afaleq, AI, Mellor, PS, Boorman, J, Al-Atiya, S & Al-Naiem, A 115

An overview of the eradication of Brucella melitensis from KwaZulu-Natal Emslie, FR & Nel, JR 123

Isolation of serovar C-3 Haemophilus paragallinarum from Zimbabwe: a further indication of the need for the production of vaccines against infectious coryza containing local isolates of H. paragallinarum Bragg, RR 129

Occurrence of concurrent trypanosomosis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis and helminthosis in Friesian, Zebu and Sahiwal cattle in Uganda Magona, JW & Mayende, JSP 133

Seasonal availability of gastrointestinal nematode larvae to cattle on pasture in the central highlands of Kenya Waruiru, RM, Weda, EH, Otieno, RO & Ngotho, JW 141

The Kumm isolate of Ehrlichia ruminantium: in vitro isolation, propagation and characterization Zweygarth, E, Van Heerden, H, Allsopp, BA, Josemans, AI, Van Strijp, MF & Allsopp, MTEP 147

Non-immune control of trypanosomosis: in vitro oxidative burst of PMA- and trypanosome-stimulated neutrophils of Boran and N'Dama cattle Taiwo, VO, Adejinmi, JO & Oluwaniyi, JO 155

Virulence of South African isolates of Haemophilus paragallinarum. Part 1: NAD-dependent field isolates Bragg, RR 163

Virulence of South African isolates of Haemophilus paragallinarum. Part 2: Naturally occurring NAD-independent field isolates Bragg, RR 171

Volume 69: Number 3

Hosts, seasonal occurrence and life cycle of Rhipicentor nuttalli (Acari: Ixodidae) Horak, IG, Fourie, LJ, Kok, DJ & Van Zyl, W 177

Virulence of South African isolates of Haemophilus paragallinarum. Part 3: Experimentally produced NAD-independent isolate Taole, M, Albertyn, J, Van Heerden, E & Bragg, RR 189

In vitro isolation of equine piroplasms derived from Cape Mountain zebra ( Equus zebra zebra) in South Africa Zweygarth, E, Meyer, P & Lopez-Rebollar, LM 197

Multiplication of the V4 strain of Newcastle disease virus in Madin Derby bovine kidney cells Sahle, M, Burgess, WG & Kidanemariam, A 201

Hepatic and renal concentrations of copper and other trace elements in hippopotami (Hippopotamus amphibius L.) living in and adjacent to the Kafue and Luangwa Rivers in Zambia Mwase, M, Almli, B, Sivertsen, T, Musonda, MM & Flaoyen, A 207

A survey on the occurrence of resistance to anthelmintics of gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in Mozambique Boomker, JDF, Atanasio, A & Sitoe, C 215

The gamma-interferon test: its usefulness in a bovine tuberculosis survey in African buffaloes ( Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park Michel, AL, Grobler, DG, De Klerk, LM & Bengis, RG 221

Strategic control of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in the highlands of central Kenya Maingi, N, Otieno, RO, Gichohi, VM & Weda, EH 229

Development of solid phase antigen for indirect ELISA for the detection of specific antibody responses to infection with Newcastle disease virus Sahle, M & Burgess, GW 237

The effect of three bufadienolide cardiac glycosides on contraction of isolated rat jejunum Botha, CJ, Gehring, R, Van Rooyen, JM & Venter, D 243

Development of a diagnostic one-tube RT-PCR for the detection of Rift Valley fever virus Nel, LH, Espach, A, Romito, M & Viljoen, GJ 247

Book reviews:

Infectious diseases of wildlife : detection, diagnosis and management. Revue Scientifique et Technique 253

Quarantine and health screening protocols for wildlife prior to translocation and release into the wild 254

Volume 69: Number 4

The prevalence and economic importance of bovine fasciolosis in Kenya - an analysis of abattoir data Kithuka, JM, Maingi, N, Njeruh, FM & Ombui, JN 255

Animal-level risk factors for Trypanosoma evansi infection in camels in eastern and central parts of Kenya Ngaira, JM, Bett, B & Karanja, SM 263

On-host ecology and off-host survival of the sheep scab mite Psoroptes ovis Horak, IG, Meintjes, T & Fourie, LJ 273

Effects of the scab mite Psoroptes ovis on the haematology and live mass of Merino and Dorper sheep Horak, IG, Meintjes, T & Fourie, LJ 285

Apparent prevalence of dourine in the Khomas region of Namibia Kumba, FF, Claasen, B & Petrus, P 295

Freezing of sheep faeces invalidates Haemonchus contortus faecal egg counts by the McMaster technique Van Wyk, JA & Van Wyk, L 299

Review of current problems and shortcomings in the Tanzanian animal health information system with suggestions on improvement Kivaria, FM & Kapaga, AM 305

Water absorption in relation to fermentation in the colon of the ostrich (Struthio camelus) Musara, C, Chamunorwa, JP, Holtug, K & Skadhauge, E 315

Continuous exposure to an aversive mixture as a means of maintaining aversion to vermeerbos (Geigeria ornativa O. Hoffm.) in the presence of non-averted sheep Snyman, LD, Schultz, RA, Kellerman, TS & Labuschagne, L 321

Research communication:

Amphistome infection of goats farmed under resource-poor conditions in South Africa Vatta, AF & Krecek, RC 327

Author index 331

Subject index 341



Recent Submissions

  • Nel, Louis Hendrik; Espach, Anel; Romito, M.; Viljoen, G.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Diagnosis of Rift Valley fever (RVF) is based on serology and virus isolation. The disadvantages of the former include poor sensitivity, high cost, risks associated with using infectious virus as antigen, the lengthy ...
  • Botha, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus); Gehring, Ronette; Van Rooyen, J.M.; Venter, D.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Three cardiac glycosides were screened for pharmacological effects on isolated rat jejunum. The contraction of rat jejunum with epoxyscillirosidin, a non-cumulative bufadienolide, and cotyledoside and tyledoside D, both ...
  • Musara, C.; Chamunorwa, J.P.; Holtug, K.; Skadhauge, E.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    The colon is a major site for fermentation and water absorption in the ostrich. Water absorption along the colon was evaluated and its relationship to osmolality, Na+ concentration, short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentration ...
  • Zweygarth, Erich; Van Heerden, Henriette; Allsopp, Basil A.; Josemans, A.I.; Van Strijp, M.F.; Allsopp, M.T.E.P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    An effective culture system for Ehrlichia (Cowdria) ruminantium comb. nov. was first established in 1985 and many stocks were subsequently isolated and propagated in vitro. A notable exception, however, was the Kumm isolate ...
  • Taiwo, V.O.; Adejinmi, J.O.; Oluwaniyi, J.O.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    An in vitro assay that measures the generation of superoxide anions (O₂ˉ) was used to assess the level of oxidative burst of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) - and trypanosome-stimulated neutrophils isolated from healthy ...
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
  • Kivaria, F.M.; Kapaga, A.M.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Livestock diseases have always been the focus of the Tanzanian Veterinary Authorities. However, they have become more important since the formation of the World Trade Organisation and subsequent implementation of the various ...
  • Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik; Junker, Kerstin; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    The terrapins Pelomedusa subrufa and Pelusios sinuatus taken from a water reservoir in the Northern Province, South Africa, were examined for pentastome infections. Two immature specimens, a patent female and a mature male, ...
  • Hunter, P.; Erasmus, B.J.; Vorster, J.H. (Jan Harm); Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    A 5-fluorouracil mutagenised Rift Valley fever virus strain, which was shown to be attenuated and immunogenic in cattle and sheep, was evaluated for its ability to cause teratogenic effects in pregnant sheep. A group of ...
  • Vatta, A.F.; Krecek, R.C.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    From December 1998 to April 2000, a longitudinal study was conducted of the pooled trematode faecal egg counts of samples collected from goats of resource-poor farmers at Rust de Winter, Gauteng Province, Impendle, ...
  • Snyman, Leendert D.; Schultz, R.A. (Rowena Anitra); Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Labuschagne, Leonie; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Continuous exposure to an aversive mixture was investigated as a means of maintaining aversion to vermeerbos in sheep subjected to the social influence of non-averted sheep. The use of an aversive mixture was based on a ...
  • Sahle, M.; Burgess, W.G.; Kidanemariam, Awoke; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    This study describes a reproducible cell culture system that permits the growth and secondary multiplication of the V4 strain of Newcastle disease virus. Allantoic fluid, magnesium chloride and diethylaminoethyl dextran ...
  • Howell, P.G.; Bosman, Anna-Mari; Coetzer, Jacobus A.W.; Guthrie, Alan John; Groenewald, Daleen; Visage, Carina W.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Selected isolates of equine encephalosis virus were shown to have comparable viral protein profiles and to represent seven distinct serotypes, based on cross-neutralization tests. Serotype-specific virus-neutralizing ...
  • Kumba, F.F.; Claasen, B.; Petrus, P.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    A 15-year record of the results of horse sera from the Khomas region of Namibia tested by the complement fixation test for dourine at the Central Veterinary Laboratory in Windhoek before clearing the respective animals for ...
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
  • Anonymous; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
  • Kithuka, J.M.; Maingi, N.; Njeruh, F.M.; Ombui, J.N.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    A retrospective study covering a period of 10 years (1990-1999) was carried out using post mortem meat inspection records at the Veterinary Department Headquarters at Kabete to determine the prevalence and economic importance ...
  • Emslie, Forbes Richard; Nel, J.R.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Published jointly by the Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Brucella melitensis is a Gram-negative bacterium whose primary hosts are goats and sheep. Like the other Brucella spp., with the exception of Brucella ovis, it is not particularly host specific as it is pathogenic for a ...
  • Horak, Ivan Gerard; Meintjes, T.; Fourie, L.J.; Boomker, Jacob Diederik Frederik (Pretoria : Agricultural Research Council, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute and the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria., 2002)
    Five Merino and five Dorper sheep were artificially infested with the sheep scab mite Psoroptes ovis and the effect of infestation on their haematology, serum protein levels and live mass recorded for a period of 14 weeks. ...

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