Female tsetse flies deposit larvae in soft ground in shady places. The larvae moult to form pupae from which adult flies eventually emerge. The flies (male and female) then seek a blood meal. The mean life span of a male fly is about four weeks and that of a female about eight weeks. Flies detect the odours of their prey by means of sensilla situated on their antannae.
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Metadata assigned by Prof. R.C. Tustin, Professor Emeritus: DVTD. His academic and professional experience includes: veterinarian for 54 years,
senior lecturer at UP for 7 years, head of Department at UP for 17 years and Veterinary Council for 3 years.