The Bible in anti-Semitic contexts. The article focuses on the (ab-)use of New Testament texts in the time of National Socialism. After a definition of central terms, it describes how anti-Semitic authors interpreted biblical texts. It then presents an overview of authors who attempted to prove Jesus' Aryan origins and anti-Jewish position (e g, the so-called "Pantherathesis"). After explaining how (and why) Paul is seen as "too Jewish" by Third Reich scholars, the article investigates the continuing influence of Nazi exegesis and concludes with an overview of recent developments regarding this issue.