Paper presented at the Biennial Conference, Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management, 19-23 October 2008, Bridgetown, Barbados. The amount of time required to define a certain policy proposal, as well as the policy
problem itself, are logically determined by the particular issue at hand. Issues that are
complex and value-laden generally have higher and more varied levels of involvement by various stakeholders. In some instances, the courts may influence policy content and
processes, which sometimes renders this endless complexity even more shapeless and
fluid. The support for, or opposition to the issue involved in the policy-making process,
or even in the implementation of the policy, further shape and form the final policy to
reflect differing values and ideological positions. The final policy involves an extremely complex set of interactions over time. It is therefore important to realize that successful policy-making requires democratic decision-making. Besides the elected policy-makers, the presence of an informed citizenry and self-organized groups may contribute valuable pieces to the final policy. Successful implementation of the policy again requires other critical elements like citizens’ expectations, participation, and continual political engagement. This paper focuses on aspects of citizen engagement and relates these
aspects to the child support grant in South Africa in particular. The child support grant
addresses the issue of child poverty.
What drives policy reform after long periods of policy inertia? What factors shape the effectiveness of
policy implementation following reform decisions? These questions increasingly concern the international
donor and ...
Gallie, Muavia(University of Pretoria, 2007-06-19)
Research on policy implementation suggests that many education reforms designed to improve the quality of education in general have been more rhetorical than substantive in their impact on the organisation of schools and ...
Mollo, Nicholus Tumelo(University of Pretoria, 2009-09-14)
Legal principles need to be considered when anti-bullying policies are established in public schools where bullying is taking place. The purpose of this study is to investigate how public schools establish anti-bullying ...