Physical demands of tennis across the different court surfaces, performance levels and sexes: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Show simple item record Pluim, Babette M. Jansen, Marleen G.T. Williamson, Samuel Berry, Cain Camporesi, Silvia Fagher, Kristina Heron, Neil Janse van Rensburg, Dina Christina Moreno-Perez, Víctor Murray, Andrew O’Connor, Sean R. De Oliveira, Fabio Carlos Lucas Reid, Machar Van Reijen, Miriam Saueressig, Tobias Schoonmade, Linda J. Thornton, Jane S. Webborn, Nick Ardern, Clare 2023-02-13T09:17:54Z 2023-04
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Tennis is a multidirectional high-intensity intermittent sport for male and female individuals played across multiple surfaces. Although several studies have attempted to characterise the physical demands of tennis, a meta-analysis is still lacking. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe and synthesise the physical demands of tennis across the different court surfaces, performance levels and sexes. METHODS : PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to 19 April, 2022. A backward citation search was conducted for included articles using Scopus. The PECOS framework was used to formulate eligibility criteria. Population: tennis players of regional, national or international playing levels (juniors and adults). Exposure: singles match play. Comparison: sex (male/female), court surface (hard, clay, grass). Outcome: duration of play, on-court movement and stroke performance. Study design: cross-sectional, longitudinal. Pooled means or mean differences with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. A random-effects meta-analysis with robust variance estimation was performed. The measures of heterogeneity were Cochrane Q and 95% prediction intervals. Subgroup analysis was used for different court surfaces. RESULTS : The literature search generated 7736 references; 64 articles were included for qualitative and 42 for quantitative review. Mean [95% confidence interval] rally duration, strokes per rally and effective playing time on all surfaces were 5.5 s [4.9, 6.3], 4.1 [3.4, 5.0] and 18.6% [15.8, 21.7] for international male players and 6.4 s [5.4, 7.6], 3.9 [2.4, 6.2] and 20% [17.3, 23.3] for international female players. Mean running distances per point, set and match were 9.6 m [7.6, 12.2], 607 m [443, 832] and 2292 m [1767, 2973] (best-of-5) for international male players and 8.2 m [4.4, 15.2], 574 m [373, 883] and 1249 m [767, 2035] for international female players. Mean first- and second-serve speeds were 182 km·h−1 [178, 187] and 149 km·h−1 [135, 164] for international male players and 156 km·h−1 95% confidence interval [151, 161] and 134 km·h−1 [107, 168] for international female players. CONCLUSIONS : The findings from this study provide a comprehensive summary of the physical demands of tennis. These results may guide tennis-specific training programmes. We recommend more consistent measuring and reporting of data to enable future meta-analysts to pool meaningful data. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION : The protocol for this systematic review was registered a priori at the Open Science Framework (Registration DOI en_US
dc.description.department Sports Medicine en_US
dc.description.embargo 2023-02-08
dc.description.librarian hj2023 en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Pluim, B.M., Jansen, M.G.T., Williamson, S. et al. Physical Demands of Tennis Across the Different Court Surfaces, Performance Levels and Sexes: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine 53, 807–836 (2023). en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0112-1642 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1179-2035 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s40279-022-01807-8
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.rights © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2023. The original publication is available at : en_US
dc.subject Tennis en_US
dc.subject Physical demands en_US
dc.subject Court surfaces en_US
dc.subject Performance levels en_US
dc.subject Sexes en_US
dc.title Physical demands of tennis across the different court surfaces, performance levels and sexes: a systematic review with meta-analysis en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

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