Usually in grassland. C. dura grows from sea level to 900 m above, while C. globifera can grow up to 1 500 m above sea level.
General: C. dura and C. globifera are both shrublets with woody rootstocks and annual aerial stems and branches.
Leaves: The leaves are trifoliate.
Flowers: Terminal yellow inflorescences with pea-like flowers.
Fruit: The seeds are carried in pods.
The active principles of Crotalaria spp. worldwide are the pyrrolizidine alkaloids (dicrotaline, monocrotaline) mainly responsible for severe liver and/or lung damage in stock.
“Jaagsiekte” in horses. Fever, polypnoea, dyspnoea, subcutaneous and pulmonary emphysema, interstitial pneumonia and liver fibrosis.
Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG. Photo 1: 25.2 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 2: 25.4 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 3: 25.9 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 4: 9.4 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 5: 24.4 kb, 100 ppi. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria.