Intonation parameters in gender diverse people

Show simple item record Papeleu, Tine Leyns, Clara Tomassen, Peter T'Sjoen, Guy Van Lierde, K.M. (Kristiane) D'haeseleer, Evelien 2023-02-09T09:40:47Z 2023
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS : Although intonation is often addressed in speech training for gender diverse individuals, the relationship between intonation and femininity/masculinity ratings remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine differences in intonation parameters in gender diverse individuals. Moreover, the relationship between acoustic intonation parameters and femininity/masculinity ratings was investigated. METHODS : Speech samples of semi-structured speech were elicited from cisgender (cis) (107 ciswomen, 104 cis men), transgender (trans) (19 trans women, 10 trans men), and non-binary (n = 11) individuals using a prosody protocol. An objective acoustic analysis was performed to compare intonation parameters (upward/downward/flat intonation shift, general and final intonation shift, general fundamental frequency range, fundamental frequency variation index) between groups. In addition, a listening experiment was conducted, consisting of a cis and gender diverse listening panel (n = 41). The listeners were asked to rate the femininity/masculinity of speech samples (n = 57) using a visual analogue scale. Correlational analyses were used to examine the relationship between intonation parameters and femininity/masculinity ratings. RESULTS : Similarity was found in the intonation parameters of participants with a similar gender identity. In non-binary speakers, no significant differences in acoustic intonation parameters were found between these speakers and the cisgender speakers. In addition, no significant correlations were found between the acoustic intonation parameters and the femininity/masculinity ratings in the groups with cis men, cis women, and non-binary participants. However, moderate to strong significant correlations were found between acoustic intonation parameters and femininity/masculinity ratings in the trans participants. CONCLUSIONS : Intonation is a “speech marker” that distinguishes between groups with a different gender identity. No relationship was observed between intonation and femininity/masculinity ratings for cisgender and non-binary speakers. However, the significant relationship between these parameters for transgender participants (trans men and trans women) provides evidence for intonation exercises in gender affirming voice, speech, and communication training, and therefore contribute to evidence-based intonation training in transgender persons. en_US
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_US
dc.description.embargo 2024-01-15
dc.description.librarian hj2023 en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Papeleu, T., Leyns, C., Tomassen, P. et al. 2023, 'Intonation parameters in gender diverse people', Journal of Voice, doi : 10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.12.020. NYP. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0892-1997 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-4588 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.12.020
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.rights © 2022 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Voice. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Voice, vol. , no. , pp. , 2023. doi : 10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.12.020. en_US
dc.subject Intonation en_US
dc.subject Gender en_US
dc.subject Transgender en_US
dc.subject Acoustic analysis en_US
dc.subject Femininity rating en_US
dc.subject Masculinity rating en_US
dc.title Intonation parameters in gender diverse people en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record