Spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in South Africa (2005–2016)

Show simple item record Sirdar, Mohamed Mahmoud Fosgate, Geoffrey Theodore Blignaut, Belinda Mampane, Lucas R. Rikhotso, Oupa Boetie Du Plessis, Ben Gummow, Bruce 2022-09-07T08:58:21Z 2022-09-07T08:58:21Z 2021-06
dc.description.abstract Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a transboundary animal disease that has negative socioeconomic consequences including impacts on food security. In South Africa, FMD outbreaks in communal farming communities cause major livestock and human livelihood concerns; they raise apprehensions about the effectiveness of FMD control measures within the FMD protection areas. This study aimed to identify high-risk areas for FMD outbreaks at the human/domestic animal/wildlife interface of South Africa. Cuzick-Edwards tests and Kulldorff scan statistics were used to detect spatial autocorrelation and spatial–temporal clusters of FMD outbreaks for the years 2005–2016. Four high-risk clusters were identified and the spatial distribution of outbreaks in cattle were closer to game reserve fences and consistent with wildlife contacts as a main contributor of FMD occurrence. Strategic allocation of resources, focused control measures, and cooperation between the affected provinces are recommended to reduce future outbreaks. Further research is necessary to design cost-effective control strategies for FMD. en_US
dc.description.department Production Animal Studies en_US
dc.description.librarian hj2022 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The South African National Research Foundation (NRF) en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Sirdar, M.M., Fosgate, G.T., Blignaut, B. et al. Spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in South Africa (2005–2016). Tropical Animal Health and Production 53, 376 (2021). en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1573-7438 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s11250-021-02807-y
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.rights © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. The original publication is available at : http://link.springer.comjournal/11250. en_US
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) en_US
dc.subject Cluster en_US
dc.subject Dip-tank en_US
dc.subject Kruger National Park (KNP) en_US
dc.subject Kruger National Park (South Africa) en_US
dc.subject Human/domestic animals/wildlife interface en_US
dc.title Spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in South Africa (2005–2016) en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

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