Various Ornithogalum spp. occur throughout the country. Also cultivated in gardens.
Bulbous plants with few leathery strap-shaped leaves and white flowers carried in long-stemmed inflorescences.
Cholestane glycosides, which have steroidal structures, have been isolated. Extremely toxic.
Latent period of 24 hours or longer, - anorexia, - depression (drowsy). Severe, persistent, atery diarrhoea (lasting up to 3 weeks). In cattle temporary (up to 8 weeks) or permanent blindness or amaurosis occurs 10 – 14 days later. Peracute deaths may occur.
A catarrhal to haemorrhagic enteritis is the most dominant finding.
Symptomatic and supportive. Activated charcoal – some success. Fluids / electrolyte replacement.
Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG. Photo 1: 9.82 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 2: 37.1 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 3: 49.5 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 4: 24.2 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 5: 9.03 kb, 180 ppi; Photo 6: 10.5 kb, 72 ppi. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria.