Grows in the south-western Cape near the coast, preferably in sandy soils. Important species in coastal Rhenosterveld. Broad strip approximately 100km wide along southern Cape coast.
General: A perennial, aromatic shrub + 1,3 m high. Not very palatable.
Leaves: The grey-green to bright green alternate leaves are up to 40 mm long, ending in three to five “fingers”.
Flowers: Bright yellow, composite. November - March.
Unknown hepatoxin. Not very toxic.
Hepatogenous photosensitivity primarily due to liver parenchymal damage.
• Unpalatable weed.
• Only occasionally grazed by sheep if forced to do so.
• Usually small number of sheep affected.
• Clinical signs noticed in sheep that grazed on veld heavily infested
with Athanasia trifurcata were:
- ruminal stasis,
- icterus and
• Very similar to Lasiospermum bipinnatum and Athanasia minuta poisoning.
• Liver swollen, yellow, distinct lobulation.
• Oedema of gall bladder.
Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG. Photo 1: 14.4 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 2: 103 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 3: 17.7 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 4: 7.2 kb, 72 ppi. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria.