Sarcostemma viminale

Show simple item record Botha, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus) Venter, Elna
dc.contributor.other University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences. Section Pharmacology and Toxicology
dc.coverage.spatial Africa en
dc.coverage.spatial South Africa en 2008-12-22T07:18:22Z 2008-12-22T07:18:22Z 2002
dc.description Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG. Photo 1: 25.4 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 2: 8.08 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 3: 42.3 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 4: 52.9 kb, 72 ppi. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria. en
dc.description.abstract DISTRIBUTION: • Widespread in bushveld and grassland, generally in hot parts of the country on a variety of soil types • Usually among trees and bushes en
dc.description.abstract BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION: General: This is a sturdy, succulent, vigorous climber (can be shrub-like) which grows in and over trees and other shrubs, sometimes smothering the supporting plant. The lower part of the stem has a thick corky bark. The grey-green branches are pencil-shaped, usually ± 5 - 10 mm in diameter. White latex appears when the plant is damaged. Leaves: No leaves Flowers: Star-shaped, creamy-white to yellow and sweet smelling. In clusters at the nodes. Fruit: The fruit resembles a pair of horns. The flat seeds have each a plume of stiff hairs. en
dc.description.abstract TOXIC PRINCIPLE: • Unknown • Indications are that it is very similar to the “cynanchosides” • The toxicity varies a lot – it can actually be non-toxic at times. en
dc.description.abstract SYSTEMS AFFECTED: Central nervous system. en
dc.description.abstract CLINICAL SIGNS: • Nervous syndrome, very similar to cynanchosis, which occurs in cattle, sheep, goats (especially Angora goats) and horses in the dry parts of the country when grazing is scarce. • Animals can show paresis and nervousness for days, following acute CNS stimulation. • Temperature elevated. • Bloat. However, animals don’t usually develop a paralysis syndrome as in cynanchosis. • Clinical signs occur after 4 - 8 hours. • Death 12 - 24 hours later. • Sometimes sick for a week. en
dc.description.abstract NECROPSY: • Glucosuria and changes in the kidneys rapidly sets in (confuse with pulpy kidney) • Plant remnants in the rumen. en
dc.description.uri en
dc.identifier.citation Botha, CJ & Venter, E 2002, 'Plants poisonous to livestock Southern Africa (CD-ROM)' University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pretoria, South Africa. en
dc.rights ©University of Pretoria. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology (Original and digital). Provided for educational purposes only. It may not be downloaded, reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the original copyright holder. Any attempt to circumvent the access controls placed on this file is a violation of copyright laws and is subject to criminal prosecution. Please contact the collection administrator for copyright issues. en
dc.source Original format: University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science. en
dc.subject Plant poisoning en
dc.subject Toxicology en
dc.subject Plant poisoning in animals en
dc.subject Poisonous plants en
dc.subject Cynanchosides en
dc.subject Sarcovimiside en
dc.subject.lcsh Poisonous plants -- Toxicology -- Africa, Southern en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary toxicology en
dc.title Sarcostemma viminale en
dc.title.alternative Caustic bush en
dc.title.alternative Caustic creeper en
dc.title.alternative Melktou af
dc.title.alternative Spantoumelkbos af
dc.type Still Image en

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