Melilotus indica

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dc.contributor.author Botha, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus)
dc.contributor.author Venter, Elna
dc.contributor.other University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences. Section Pharmacology and Toxicology
dc.coverage.spatial Africa en
dc.coverage.spatial South Africa en
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-22T06:27:30Z
dc.date.available 2008-12-22T06:27:30Z
dc.date.issued 2002
dc.description Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG, 72 ppi. Photo 1: 17.2 kb; Photo 2: 9.7 kb; Photo 3: 23.3 kb; Photo 4: 35.8 kb. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria. en
dc.description.abstract DISTRIBUTION: Widespread. Grows in moist conditions in disturbed areas. Botanical description: General: An annual shrublet that can grow up to 1 m high. Leaves: The leaflets are shallowly toothed in the upper two thirds. Flowers: The yellow flowers are in crowded inflorescenses. Spring – Summer. en
dc.description.abstract TOXIC PRINCIPLE: When sweet clover hay with a high moisture content is stacked, it can spoil easily and become toxic. The toxicity may be retained for years. By microbial action the coumarin in the plant is modified to dicoumarol which has a potent anticoagulative effect on blood. en
dc.description.abstract SYNDROMES: Sweet clover disease. en
dc.description.abstract SYSTEMS AFFECTED: Haemopoietic system. en
dc.description.abstract CLINICAL SIGNS: • Cattle, especially calves, are often affected. • Large amounts of spoilt hay have to be eaten before animals are affected. • The onset of bleeding can be quite sudden and fatal bleedings may be experienced during surgery. • Mortality is quite high. • Most animals will die within three days. en
dc.description.abstract NECROPSY: Haemorrhagic tendency. en
dc.description.abstract TREATMENT: Animals can be treated successfully with repeated doses of Vit K1 and blood transfusions. en
dc.description.uri http://www.library.up.ac.za/vet/poison en
dc.identifier.citation Botha, CJ & Venter, E 2002, 'Plants poisonous to livestock Southern Africa (CD-ROM)' University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pretoria, South Africa. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/8505
dc.rights ©University of Pretoria. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology (Original and digital). Provided for educational purposes only. It may not be downloaded, reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the original copyright holder. Any attempt to circumvent the access controls placed on this file is a violation of copyright laws and is subject to criminal prosecution. Please contact the collection administrator for copyright issues. en
dc.source Original format: University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science. en
dc.subject Plant poisoning en
dc.subject Toxicology en
dc.subject Plant poisoning in animals en
dc.subject Poisonous plants en
dc.subject Sweet clover disease en
dc.subject Dicoumarol en
dc.subject Anticoagulant en
dc.subject.lcsh Poisonous plants -- Toxicology -- Africa, Southern en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary toxicology en
dc.title Melilotus indica en
dc.title.alternative Sweet clover en
dc.title.alternative Stinkklawer af
dc.title.alternative Annual yellow sweet clover en
dc.title.alternative Eenjarige geelstinkklawer af
dc.type Still Image en


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