Can grow under a variety of ecological conditions, though generally absent from shallow gravelly soils as well as wet watercourses.
Botanical description: General: It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree of up to 6m with dark grey bark and a compact rounded to flattened crown.
Leaves: The leaves are bipinnately compound with small leaflets. The paired spines are straight to slightly recurved and usually pointing slightly backwards.
Fruit: Flat pods with marked constrictions between seeds like a string of beads.Smells sweetly when crushed.
• Induces a methaemoglobinaemia, but do not contain NO3¯/NO2¯ or other oxidants.
• Not cyanogenic glycosides either - problem associated with other Acacia spp.
Goats are often affected.
• Methaemoglobinaemia and abortions
• Haemolysis – anaemia and icterus
• Hyperpnoea and dyspnoea
• Ruminal stasis.
• Sweet scented odour (“putrid smell”) of the carcase.
• Soft faeces or diarrhoea.