Crotalaria spartioides

Show simple item record Botha, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus) Venter, Elna
dc.contributor.other University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences. Section Pharmacology and Toxicology
dc.coverage.spatial Africa en
dc.coverage.spatial South Africa en 2008-12-19T08:21:44Z 2008-12-19T08:21:44Z 2002
dc.description Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG. Photo 1: 17.1 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 2: 45.5 kb, 1350 ppi; Photo 3: 7.2 kb, 72 ppi. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria. en
dc.description.abstract DISTRIBUTION: Grows in the Kalahari on bare patches against the higher sand dune slopes. Also on old lands and over-grazed areas. Problem in Kuruman area. Botanical description: General: A dense, much branched bottle-green shrub, ±1,5 m high with almost leafless branches which are finely hairy at the tips. It has the appearance of an implanted tuft of grass in the sand and only lives for two to three years. Leaves: Very narrow leaves are carried on short leaf stalks. Soon deciduous. Flowers: Solitary flowers borne near the tips of the branches. Bright yellow with fine dark lines. Calyx finely hairy. Early summer, depending on the rainfall. Pods: Short, roundish pod, 10-12 cm long containing five to six flat, kidney-shaped seeds. en
dc.description.abstract TOXIC PRINCIPLE: The active principles of Crotalaria spp. worldwide are the pyrrolizidine alkaloids (dicrotaline, monocrotaline) mainly responsible for severe liver and/or lung damage in stock. en
dc.description.abstract SYNDROMES: Hepatotoxic syndrome without photosensitisation Crotalariosis. en
dc.description.abstract SYSTEMS AFFECTED: Liver and respiratory system. en
dc.description.abstract CLINICAL SIGNS: Crotalariosis: similar to bovine seneciosis (6 months or longer latent period). en
dc.description.uri en
dc.identifier.citation Botha, CJ & Venter, E 2002, 'Plants poisonous to livestock Southern Africa (CD-ROM)' University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pretoria, South Africa. en
dc.rights ©University of Pretoria. Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology (Original and digital). Provided for educational purposes only. It may not be downloaded, reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the original copyright holder. Any attempt to circumvent the access controls placed on this file is a violation of copyright laws and is subject to criminal prosecution. Please contact the collection administrator for copyright issues. en
dc.source Original format: University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Science. en
dc.subject Plant poisoning en
dc.subject Toxicology en
dc.subject Plant poisoning in animals en
dc.subject Poisonous plants en
dc.subject Hepatotoxin en
dc.subject Alkaloids en
dc.subject Dicrotaline en
dc.subject Monocrotaline en
dc.subject Crotalariosis en
dc.subject Pyrrolizidine en
dc.subject.lcsh Poisonous plants -- Toxicology -- Africa, Southern en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary toxicology en
dc.title Crotalaria spartioides en
dc.title.alternative Dune bush en
dc.title.alternative Duinebos af
dc.title.alternative Besembos af
dc.type Still Image en

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