Usually to be found on dry, stony hills.
General: A succulent shrub up to 1 m high with many round, smooth, green branches containing white milky latex. Older branches with scattered leaf scars.
Leaves: Leaves entire, up to 1,3 cm long. Only on young growing stems.
Flowers: Yellow flower heads in groups at the tips of the branches.
Fruit: A 3-chambered capsule with a seed in each chamber.
An unknown neurotoxin.
Syndromes: Nervous excitement in stock
Systems affected: Central nervous system.
Muscle trembling and stiffness, frothing at the mouth, drooling of saliva, ruminal stasis, bloat and diarrhoea.
Colour photos. Final web-ready size: JPEG, 72 ppi. Photo 1: 14.9 kb; Photo 2: 19.7 kb; Photo 3: 24.6 kb; Photo 4: 24.4 kb; Photo 5: 7.7 kb. Original TIFF file housed at the Dept. of Paraclinical Sciences, Section Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Pretoria.