Conflict heterogeneity in Africa

Show simple item record Chisadza, Carolyn Clance, M.W. (Matthew) 2022-03-15T11:23:55Z 2021-12
dc.description.abstract The economic development literature widely concurs that conflicts have adverse economic consequences that contribute to poverty, disinvestment and lower human capital leading to widespread inequality and lower economic growth. As such, understanding the nature of conflict has been an important focus for political leaders, policymakers and researchers alike. However, the existing literature does not typically distinguish between the effects of conflict determinants on conflicts by type of actor or aggressor (i.e. state, group and civilian-based). Using panel data analysis for 46 African countries from 1997 to 2017, and a comprehensive geo-referenced Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED) conflict dataset, we find evidence of variation in the determinants' effects on conflicts by actor types. For the full sample of countries, we find that military expenditure decreases civilian-based conflicts; globalisation increases both state- and civilian-based conflicts while state fragility increases group-based conflicts. On the other hand, income per capita increases all three types of conflicts. At regional level, we find variation in the effects of military expenditure and globalisation on state- and civilian-based conflicts. However, we find little variation in the effects of the determinants on group-based conflicts across the regions. The findings highlight the nuances in conflicts by actor types and their causes which need to be accounted for when formulating conflict resolution policies. en_ZA
dc.description.department Economics en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2023-08-31
dc.description.librarian hj2022 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The University of Pretoria's Research Development Programme. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Chisadza, C. & Clance, M. (2021) Conflict heterogeneity in Africa. South African Journal of Economics, 89(4), 459–479. Available from: en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2280 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1813-6982 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/saje.12297
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Wiley en_ZA
dc.rights © 2021 Economic Society of South Africa. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article : Conflict heterogeneity in Africa. South African Journal of Economics, 89(4), 459–479. Available from: The definite version is available at : en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Conflict en_ZA
dc.subject Heterogeneity en_ZA
dc.title Conflict heterogeneity in Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record