Medication use reported by individuals with tinnitus who are seeking internet-based psychological interventions

Show simple item record Manchaiah, Vinaya Brazelton, Alicia Rodrigo, Hansapani Beukes, Eldre W. Fagelson, Marc A. Andersson, Gerhard Trivedi, Meghana V. 2022-02-07T08:41:15Z 2022-02-07T08:41:15Z 2021-12
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE : This study examined medication use by individuals with tinnitus who were seeking help for their tinnitus by means of a psychological intervention. METHOD : This study used a cross-sectional survey design and included individuals with tinnitus enrolled in an Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy trial (n = 439). Study participants provided demographic details, completed various structured questionnaires and provided details about the medications used. The self-reported medications were classified using the United States Pharmacopeial Medicare Model Guidelines v7.0. RESULTS : Current medication use was reported by 67% (n = 293) of the study participants. Those currently using medication were older; had consulted their primary care physician, had greater tinnitus severity, depression, anxiety, and insomnia when compared with those not reporting any current medication use. The top 10 medication used included cardiovascular agents (n = 162; 55.3%), antidepressants (n = 80; 27.3%), electrolytes/minerals/metals/vitamins (n = 70; 23.9%), respiratory tract/pulmonary agents (n = 62; 21.2%), anxiolytics (n = 59; 20.1%), hormonal agents/stimulant/replacement/modifying (thyroid; n = 45; 15.4%), gastrointestinal agents (n = 43; 14.7%), analgesics (n = 33; 11.3%), blood glucose regulators (n = 32; 10.9%), and anticonvulsants (n = 26; 8.87%). Some associations between type of medication used and demographic or tinnitus-related variables were noted especially for the cardiovascular agents, electrolytes/minerals/metals/vitamins, and anxiolytics. CONCLUSIONS : This exploratory study indicated a large percentage of patients using medication and a range of medications. Further studies are required to assess the effects of such medications on the tinnitus percept and concurrent medication moderate treatment effects. en_ZA
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2022 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Manchaiah, V., Brazelton, A., Rodrigo, H. et al. 2021, 'Medication use reported by individuals with tinnitus who are seeking internet-based psychological interventions', American Journal of Audiology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1088-1095. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1059-0889 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1558-9137 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1044/2021_AJA-21-00062
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher American Speech-Language-Hearing Association en_ZA
dc.rights © 2021 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association en_ZA
dc.subject Tinnitus en_ZA
dc.subject Medication use en_ZA
dc.subject Supportive care medication en_ZA
dc.subject Internet-intervention en_ZA
dc.title Medication use reported by individuals with tinnitus who are seeking internet-based psychological interventions en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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