A review of the role of pheromones in the control of Amblyomma ticks on livestock

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dc.contributor.advisor Jongejan, Frans
dc.contributor.postgraduate Van den Hurk, Shaun Steven
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-12T06:00:02Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-12T06:00:02Z
dc.date.created 21/04/16
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.description Mini Dissertation (MSc (Tropical Animal Health))--University of Pretoria, 2020.
dc.description.abstract As external parasites of livestock, ticks of the genus Amblyomma have a significant impact on animal health and production globally. Furthermore, Amblyomma ticks are vectors of diseases affecting livestock, but humans as well. Amblyomma variegatum and Amblyomma hebraeum, both found in Southern Africa, are vectors of heartwater (Ehrlichia ruminantium) and African tick bite fever (Rickettsia africae) affecting ruminants and humans, respectively. Beyond the current impact on animal and human health, there is potential for even more significant effects on animal production if the geographic range of these tick-borne pathogens will shift and expand beyond the traditional endemic areas. A literature study was performed to evaluate the constituents of the attraction-aggregation-attachment (AAA) pheromones emitted by Amblyomma ticks and their effects on the behaviour of these ticks. Previous applications of these pheromones in tick control were studied and the difficulties experienced in field studies evaluated. Here, a novel method of tick control on cattle is proposed, based on the use of a legband impregnated with pheromones and acaricides, to attract and kill Amblyomma ticks. Specific recommendations are made to assess the efficacy and feasibility of such a control device under field conditions.
dc.description.availability Unrestricted
dc.description.degree MSc (Tropical Animal Health)
dc.description.department Veterinary Tropical Diseases
dc.identifier.citation *
dc.identifier.other A2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/83182
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria
dc.rights © 2021 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.
dc.subject UCTD
dc.title A review of the role of pheromones in the control of Amblyomma ticks on livestock
dc.type Mini Dissertation


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