Improving foot-and-mouth disease control through the evaluation of goat movement patterns within the FMD protection zone of South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Lazarus, David Dazhia
dc.contributor.author Opperman, Pamela Anne
dc.contributor.author Sirdar, Mohamed Mahmoud
dc.contributor.author Wolf, Tanja Esther
dc.contributor.author Van Wyk, Ilana
dc.contributor.author Rikhotso, Oupa Boetie
dc.contributor.author Fosgate, Geoffrey Theodore
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-04T10:11:49Z
dc.date.issued 2021-08
dc.description.abstract Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a transboundary animal disease that has a major impact on livestock production, regional and international trade and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in endemic settings. Many livestock diseases are transmitted through direct contact between animals, and thus between herds and flocks through animal movements. In this study, we described the pattern of goat movements among smallholder farmers within a communal farming area in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey using a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 116 respondents, and separate 13 focus group discussions employing participatory mapping and semi-structured interviews were conducted among smallholder farmers. Overall, 22% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16 – 31) of questionnaire respondents indicated moving new animals into their holdings during the previous 12 months while 56% (95% CI: 47 – 65) reported moving animals out of the holdings during the same timeframe. A total of 134 participants attended the focus group discussions with 68% (91/134) being male and 32% (43/134) female. Data from the study reported 37 nodes and 78 ties with an overall network density of 0.059 (SD 0.2) across the study area. Four locations within the (former) FMD-free zone of the country had connections with movement of goats from the study area. Furthermore, 60% (95% CI: 51 – 69) of farmers were ignorant of the need to obtain official veterinary movement permits for goats. These animal movements put the country at risk of future FMD outbreaks within the free zone. We recommend that the relevant authorities implement risk-based control measures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. en_ZA
dc.description.department Mammal Research Institute en_ZA
dc.description.department Production Animal Studies en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2022-06-05
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/smallrumres en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lazarus, D.D., Opperman, P.A., Sirdar, M.M. et al. 2021, 'Improving foot-and-mouth disease control through the evaluation of goat movement patterns within the FMD protection zone of South Africa', Small Ruminant Research, vol. 201, art. 106448, pp. 1-8. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0921-4488 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1879-0941 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2021.106448
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/82027
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Small Ruminant Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Small Ruminant Research, vol. 201, art. 106448, pp. 1-8, 2021. doi : 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2021.106448. en_ZA
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) en_ZA
dc.subject Movement en_ZA
dc.subject Network, Risk en_ZA
dc.subject Smallholder farmers en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title Improving foot-and-mouth disease control through the evaluation of goat movement patterns within the FMD protection zone of South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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