Aggregation and dissolution kinetics of aluminium oxide nanoparticles (nAl2O3) and copper oxide nanoparticles (nCuO) in deionised water (DIW) and freshwater sourced from two river systems were studied with the objective to understand the influencing factors. Dynamic light scattering and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer were used to study aggregation and dissolution, respectively. In DIW, humic acid was observed to have a concentration dependent stabilization effect on ENPs. Increasing the ionic strength destabilised the ENPs. The pH influenced aggregation with maximum aggregation observed at the isoelectric point. ENPs were stable in freshwater systems with HDD < 350 nm at 100 µg/L. Aggregation of both ENPs was concentration dependent. The ENPs exhibited higher stability in freshwater with low, rather than high, concentrations of both natural organic matter (NOM) and electrolytes. Dissolution was higher in Elands river than in Bloubank river water. ENPs had a high tendency for dissolution at low concentrations. NOM impeded dissolution of ENPs by providing a protective coating via steric and electrostatic interaction. Released ions may have formed precipitates and chelate compounds with ligands present in freshwater especially for nCuO where low dissolution was apparent. These findings provide insights on aggregation and dissolution of ENPs in freshwater systems as influenced by source-specific water chemistry. Therefore, it is not possible to make generalized statement on the outcome of ENPs transformation in aquatic systems.
PURPOSE : There is significant interest in the application of nanoparticles to deliver
immunostimulatory signals to cells. We hypothesized that curdlan (immune stimulating
polymer) could be conjugated to PLGA and ...
Mahaye, Ntombikayise; Leareng, Samuel Keeng; Musee, Ndeke(Elsevier, 2021-07)
Gold engineered nanoparticles (nAu) are increasingly detected in ecosystems, and this raises the need to establish their potential effects on aquatic organisms. Herein, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of branched ...
Elbagory, Abdulrahman M.; Marima, Rahaba; Dlamini, Zodwa(MDPI, 2021-11-13)
The use of nanocarriers for biomedical applications has been gaining interests from researchers
worldwide for the delivery of therapeutics in a controlled manner. These “smart” vehicles
enhance the dissolution and the ...