Adolescent psychiatric outpatients and their caregivers : comparing the strengths and difficulties questionnaire

Show simple item record Mohangi, Yashna Magagula, T.G. Van der Westhuizen, Deborah 2021-08-26T12:43:13Z 2021-08-26T12:43:13Z 2020-11-09
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : The use of the SDQs as a screening tool to monitor new or ongoing problems in adolescent psychiatric outpatients is needed to improve clinical outcomes. Discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), reflects the degree of emotional and behavioural symptoms. This may affect their ability to work together to reach therapeutic goals. AIM : The level of SDQ (dis)agreements between adolescent-parental self-reports in adolescent psychiatric outpatients was examined. SETTING : Weskoppies Child and Adolescent outpatients. METHODS : This two-group cross-sectional comparative study obtained SDQ responses from 74 psychiatrically diagnosed adolescents and their parents (148 completed SDQ questionnaires). Adolescent outpatients aged between 11 and 18 years following up at the outpatients between July 2017 and November 2017 were included. Adolescent and parent rating scores were compared using a paired sample t-test, and patterns of agreement were measured by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and Cohen’s kappa. RESULTS : Parents reported more difficulties than adolescents, although differences were non-significant (p > 0.58). Caregivers and adolescents agreed on the conduct domain and on emotional symptoms (0.21 ≤ kappa ≤ 0.40, p < 0.05). Caregivers and adolescents agreed on the presentation of internalising and externalising disorders (R = 0.48, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS : The SDQ confirmed fair agreement between parents and adolescents. Parental perceptions of adolescent behavioural difficulties could influence parent– adolescent relations and communication. Using the SDQ as a screening tool in South Africa, requires further validation for it to be integrated as part of a multi-informant best-practice approach. en_ZA
dc.description.department Psychiatry en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mohangi Y, Magagula TG, Van der Westhuizen D. Adolescent psychiatric outpatients and their caregivers: Comparing the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. S Afr J Psychiat. 2020;26(0), a1394. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1608-9685 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-6786 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v26.i0.1394
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2020. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Adolescent en_ZA
dc.subject Caregiver en_ZA
dc.subject Psychiatry en_ZA
dc.subject Outpatients en_ZA
dc.subject Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) en_ZA
dc.title Adolescent psychiatric outpatients and their caregivers : comparing the strengths and difficulties questionnaire en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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