The micro-foundations of the returnee liability : the interpersonal challenges of returnee entrepreneurs in Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Mreji, Pamela
dc.contributor.author Barnard, Helena
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-26T10:58:29Z
dc.date.issued 2021-06
dc.description.abstract Although it is known that returnee entrepreneurs can contribute to technological and economic upgrading in their home countries, there is also evidence of a returnee liability where returnee entrepreneurs perform worse than locals. Apart from mismatches between home and host country institutional environments, this liability is argued to stem from interpersonal factors like cultural difficulties and the diminished social capital of returnees at home. Using interviews exploring the experiences of twenty Nairobi-based technology-enabled returnee entrepreneurs, we theorize the micro-foundations of the returnee liability: mismatched expectations, cultural tension and mutual suspicion. Returnees who sent remittances while abroad expect locals to support their return and entrepreneurial vision, but locals expect continued financial support. Returnees who had become more individualistic while fending for themselves in Western economies experience tension with the collectivism of locals, even while they seek to readjust to their home culture. The suspicion of returnees about unethical local business practices and frustration about locals’' apparent inability to value proposed innovations further complicate the ability of returnees to access local knowledge and networks. We discuss how the community support addresses these micro-foundations of the returnee liability and thus help developing countries better benefit from the knowledge and innovations of their returnees. en_ZA
dc.description.department Gordon Institute of Business Science (GIBS) en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2022-04-07
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://www.elsevier.com/locate/intman en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mreji, P. & Barnard, H. 2021, 'The micro-foundations of the returnee liability: The interpersonal challenges of returnee entrepreneurs in Kenya', Journal of International Management, vol. 27, no. 2, art. 100846, pp. 1-18. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1075-4253 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-0620 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.intman.2021.100846
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/81501
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of International Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of International Management, vol. 27, no. 2, art. 100846, pp. 1-18, 2021. doi : 10.1016/j.intman.2021.100846. en_ZA
dc.subject Returnee entrepreneur en_ZA
dc.subject Returnee liability en_ZA
dc.subject Micro-foundations en_ZA
dc.title The micro-foundations of the returnee liability : the interpersonal challenges of returnee entrepreneurs in Kenya en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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