The militarisation of conservation and occupational violence in Sikumi Forest Reserve, Zimbabwe

Show simple item record Mushonga, Tafadzwa 2021-08-26T08:22:00Z 2021-08-26T08:22:00Z 2021-10
dc.description This work emerges from my Ph.D. study supervised by Associate Professor Frank Matose, and completed under the auspices of the Environmental Humanities South programme at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Discussions around the militarisation of conservation have largely focused on violence meted out against subsistence and commercial poachers in, and around, protected areas. Overlooked is violence experienced by perpetrators of such violence. Using lived experiences of anti-poaching in Sikumi Forest Reserve—a state forest managed by Zimbabwe's Forestry Commission—this article examines working experiences of paramilitary personnel. Empirical evidence shows that, in the process of implementing state militarised conservation practices, paramilitary personnel are subjected to violence perpetrated by the state through its authorities. I discuss this violence in the context of occupational violence and make two arguments. The first is that the range of victims of militarised conservation violence goes beyond local communities and commercial poachers to include paramilitary personnel perpetrating such violence. Related to this argument is the second argument that occupational violence has an exacerbating effect on everyday persistent violence. I conclude that aspects of occupational violence, such as displayed in Sikumi Forest Reserve, should be understood as part of broader green violence. en_ZA
dc.description.department Centre for the Advancement of Scholarship en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The Andrew Mellon Foundation, Canon Collins Educational Trust and Margaret McNamara Education Grants. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mushonga T. The Militarisation of Conservation and Occupational Violence in Sikumi Forest Reserve, Zimbabwe. Conservat Soc 2021;19:3-12. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0972-4923 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 0975-3133 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4103/cs.cs_20_5
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Medknow Publications en_ZA
dc.rights © Mushonga 2020. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Forests en_ZA
dc.subject Militarisation en_ZA
dc.subject Conservation en_ZA
dc.subject Occupational violence en_ZA
dc.title The militarisation of conservation and occupational violence in Sikumi Forest Reserve, Zimbabwe en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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