Research indicates that some personality disorders such as antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and certain personality traits, such as the Dark Tetrad personality traits; namely, psychopathy, sadism, narcissism, and Machiavellianism can be associated with criminal behavior. For this reason, researchers have investigated how ASPD, psychopathy, sadism, narcissism, and Machiavellianism are related to re-offending and violent crimes. Findings from several individual studies revealed that individuals with ASPD and Dark Tetrad traits are unable to conform to societal rules; therefore, they are at a greater risk to engage in re-offending behaviors.
The present research aimed to systematically collate findings of studies related to personality and recidivism. Electronic literature databases such as SAGE Journals, ClinicalKey, Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, Criminology Collection, APA PsychInfo, Academic Search Complete, APA PsychArticles, Criminal Justice Abstracts, MEDLINE, and Wiley Online Library were searched to identify studies examining the relation between ASPD, Dark Tetrad personality traits, recidivism, and violent crimes. Six articles were included in the present study. The current review found that certain traits of psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder predisposes offenders to reoffending. Furthermore, it was found that dysregulation of emotions explains criminal behavior. Findings from the present study may have an impact on how the justice system understands, predicts, and reduces recidivism.
Mini Dissertation (MA (Clinical Psychology))--University of Pretoria, 2021.