The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers

Show simple item record Girdler-Brown, B.V. (Brendan) White, Neil W. Ehrlich, Rodney I. Churchyard, Gavin J. 2008-11-24T13:13:59Z 2008-11-24T13:13:59Z 2008-09
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD is described in 624 South African goldminers 18 months after cessation of work. METHODS: This was a prevalence study. Questionnaires were administered, and spirometry, chest radiography, tuberculosis investigations, and urine HIV antibody assays were performed. RESULTS: Attendance was 80.1% (624/779), mean age 49.4 years, and mean employment duration 25.6 years. Most subjects had had medium (26.5%) or high (65.4%) dust-exposure jobs. Current smoking rate was 35%, with ever smoking 61%. HIV antibodies were detected in the urine in 22.3%. Prevalences were: silicosis 24.6%, past tuberculosis 26%, current tuberculosis 6.2%, airflow obstruction 13.4% and chronic productive cough 17.7%. Almost 50% of these miners had at least one of these respiratory conditions. CONCLUSIONS: A heavy burden of silicosis, tuberculosis and COPD was present in this group of former goldminers. Intensification of work place dust control measures and TB and HIV prevention activities are needed on South African gold mines. In labour sending communities investment is needed in silicosis and tuberculosis surveillance as well as HIV treatment and care. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Funded by Anglogold Corporation en_US
dc.identifier.citation Girdler-Brown, BV, White, NW, Ehrlich, RI & Churchyard, GJ 2008, ‘The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers’, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 640-647. [] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0271-3586
dc.identifier.other 10.1002/ajim.20602
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.rights Wiley. This is a preprint of an article published in American Journal of Industrial Medicine [] en_US
dc.subject Silicosis en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis en_US
dc.subject Pulmonary en_US
dc.subject Pulmonary Disease en_US
dc.subject Chronic Obstructive en_US
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) en_US
dc.subject Miners en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Silicosis en
dc.subject.lcsh Tuberculosis en
dc.subject.lcsh Lungs--Diseases, Obstructive en
dc.subject.lcsh Gold mines and mining -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Miners en
dc.title The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers en_US
dc.type Preprint Article en_US

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