Verband tussen ouerskapspraktyke en die aggressiewe gedrag van leerlinge met matige intellektuele disfunksie

Show simple item record Cockrell, Phelia Moen, Melanie Carmen 2021-06-14T12:22:22Z 2021-06-14T12:22:22Z 2021-06
dc.description.abstract Learners with moderate intellectual disabilities (MID) are a cohort of learners whose high levels of aggressive behaviour make teaching in schools a challenging task. These learners have an average intelligence quotient (IQ) of between 55 and 70 and their intellectual development is almost two to eight years behind their peers without MID. Learners with MID have difficulty in applying their knowledge and have poor verbal, language, reading and mathematical skills. Learners such as these also present with short memory and attention span, are hyperactive and impulsive, misinterpret non-verbal messages, and get easily frustrated and irritated. These learners are four times more likely to develop aggressive behaviour, which leads to certain challenges for teachers and other persons concerned. The primary goal of this article was to determine whether the parental practices of the parents of these learners were causative to their aggressive behaviour. Underlying the primary goal, the following secondary research objectives were set: (1) To determine which accumulative systemic factors contribute to the aggressive behaviour of learners with MID; (2) To determine the specific triggers that lead to the aggressive behaviour of such learners; and (3) To determine the specific parental practices that can be identified that lead to the aggressive behaviour of these learners. For the purpose of the empirical part of this article, a phenomenology approach and a qualitative research design were used. Fifteen learners with MID and aggressive behaviour were studied in-depth through semi-structured interviews, document analysis and observation. The main findings of the study show that all the participants in this study came from problematic families and that their aggressive behaviour was only a symptom of underlying problems. These underlying problems were an unfortunate combination of negative parental practices, emotional neglect and a lack of skills to deal with challenges. Negative parental practices included: aggressive, uninvolved, authoritarian and/or permissive parents who did not communicate with their children and who showed little or no support, sympathy, understanding and empathy towards their offspring. All the participants experienced their parents as uninvolved, emotionally, and sometimes physically absent, from their lives. Due to the parents’ lack of involvement, there was little or no communication between the participants and their parents. The parents did not respond to their needs and there was no support or assistance for these participants to overcome difficult or traumatic experiences in their lives. The learners were left with the perception that their parents were emotionally and physically absent, which led to a feeling of emotional neglect, rejection, loss and inadequate support. The example set for these participants in their parents’ homes was that aggressive behaviour was the norm in dealing with disputes and problems in interpersonal relationships. Their parents showed little or no self-control and poor conflict handling. Accumulative negative factors such as disintegrated families, problematic attachment and rejection were causative contributors to their aggressive behaviour. The majority of the participants’ families had disintegrated due to divorce, death of a parent or they were removed and placed in a place of safety. The participants lacked a stable home where they could feel safe and loved. The majority of the participants also had poor attachment with their mothers. There was no trust, empathy, support and they felt that they could not rely on their mothers for help, advice, accompaniment and protection. These learners were not supported adequately to deal with these challenges. They had to overcome challenges by themselves and they were left with unresolved emotions. The accumulation of these various negative factors in the participants’ lives was the primary trigger for their aggressive behaviour at school. Put differently, the primary trigger may therefore be described as problematic conditions within the family, which the participants were unable to process due to their limitations – a state of affairs that ultimately manifested as aggressive behaviour at school. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Leerlinge met matige intellektuele disfunksie (MID) is ’n kohort leerlinge wie se hoë aggressievlakke onderrig in skole ernstig bemoeilik. Dergelike leerlinge het ’n gemiddelde intelligensiekwosiënt (IK) van 55 tot 70 en, vergeleke met leerlinge sonder MID, het hul ’n agterstand in verstandelike ontwikkeling van twee tot agt jaar. Hierdie leerlinge het ’n vier keer hoër risiko om aggressiewe gedragsuitvalle te openbaar, wat vir onderwysers en belanghebbendes groot uitdagings bied. Die doel van hierdie studie was om te bepaal of, en indien wel, in watter mate, die ouerskapspraktyke van die ouers van dergelike leerlinge bydra tot hulle aggressiewe gedragsuitvalle. Die hoofbevinding van hierdie studie is dat die aggressiewe gedragsuitvalle in die skool ’n simptoom is van dieperliggende probleme, wat die gevolg is van ’n sameloop van negatiewe ouerskapspraktyke, emosionele verwaarlosing en ingeperkte vermoëns van leerlinge met MID om uitdagings toepaslik te hanteer. Negatiewe ouerskapspraktyke het die volgende ingesluit: aggressiewe gedrag, onbetrokkenheid, permissiewe praktyke, gebrekkige kommunikasie en inkonsekwente dissipline met min ondersteuning, warmte en empatie. Die leerlinge het gevoel dat hulle ouers emosioneel en fisies afwesig was, wat gelei het tot ’n gevoel van emosionele verwaarlosing, verwerping, verlies en ’n gebrek aan ondersteuning. Opeengestapelde (“accumulative”) negatiewe faktore soos gesinsverbrokkeling en problematiese binding het ook bygedra tot hulle aggressiewe gedragsuitvalle. Hierdie leerlinge het nie die ondersteuning gehad om uitdagende gebeure te verwerk nie – hulle moes dit self verwerk en is met onverwerkte emosies aan hul lot oorgelaat. en_ZA
dc.description.department Early Childhood Education en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Cockrell, P. & Moen, M. 2021, 'Die verband tussen ouerskapspraktyke en die aggressiewe gedrag van leerlinge met matige intellektuele disfunksie', Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe, Jaargang 61 No. 2: Junie 2021, Pp. 568-587. doi.10.17159/2224-7912/2021/v61n2a10. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0041-4751
dc.identifier.other 10.17159/2224-7912/2021/v61n2a10
dc.language.iso Afrikaans en_ZA
dc.publisher Suid Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap and Kuns en_ZA
dc.rights Suid Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap & Kuns en_ZA
dc.subject Moderate intellectual disability (MID) en_ZA
dc.subject Aggression en_ZA
dc.subject Parental practices en_ZA
dc.subject Uninvolved parents en_ZA
dc.subject Attachment en_ZA
dc.subject Loss en_ZA
dc.subject Rejection en_ZA
dc.subject Inadequate communication en_ZA
dc.subject Emotional neglect en_ZA
dc.subject Separation en_ZA
dc.subject Disintegrated families en_ZA
dc.subject Matige intellektuele disfunksie (MID) en_ZA
dc.subject Aggressie en_ZA
dc.subject Ouerskapspraktyke en_ZA
dc.subject Onbetrokke ouers en_ZA
dc.subject Binding en_ZA
dc.subject Verlies en_ZA
dc.subject Verwerping en_ZA
dc.subject Gebrekkige kommunikasie en_ZA
dc.subject Emosionele verwaarlosing en_ZA
dc.subject Skeiding en_ZA
dc.subject Gesinsverbrokkeling en_ZA
dc.subject Intelligensiekwosiënt (IK)
dc.subject Intelligence quotient (IQ)
dc.title Verband tussen ouerskapspraktyke en die aggressiewe gedrag van leerlinge met matige intellektuele disfunksie en_ZA
dc.title.alternative The link between parental practices and the aggressive behaviour of learners with moderate intellectual dysfunction en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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