Food security policy choices : a review of the usefulness of public policy taxonomies

Show simple item record Fossi, Filippo Hendriks, Sheryl L. 2021-05-27T10:35:59Z 2021-05-27T10:35:59Z 2020
dc.description.abstract This paper addresses the "dependent variable" problem in food security policies, namely the difficulty in classifying food security policies that limits comparative policy studies. Policy comparisons require criteria that are general enough for broad application but sensitive to the context. A rigorous and objective basis for comparisons would allow for studying how policies, and food security policies in particular, emerge. This is important in Africa as, in the past, food security and nutrition crises have been attributed to the failure of government policies. This paper reviews the main key available public policy classifications based on their predictability, mutual-exclusivity and relevance. These include Lowi's and Wilson's typologies, the agricultural policies' classification by Norton and the FAO-FAPDA classification. The review found that available typologies do not accommodate multi-sectoral actions and are not entirely applicable to food security public policy classification. The domain shift from food policy to food security, and more recently to food systems demands that all elements in the food system to be taken into consideration in the policy process. This limits the use of policies as "dependent variables" and hence the study of how they emerge, particularly in Africa. A critique of available policy classes shows that these cannot be treated as "dependent variables". It is argued that a potential solution to the "dependent variable" problem of food security policies lies in the development of a taxonomy, simplifying their complexity with analytical shortcuts. Having reviewed Candel and Daugbjergs’ recent taxonomy, refinements are proposed to be applied in the African context. The proposed taxonomy represents an alternative to classify food security policies in Africa along four core dimensions. This classification offers prospects for researchers to study what factors drives policy-classes in one direction or the other, along the four dimensions. Although the scales and calibration of the four dimensions will need to be developed and tested, the proposed typology offers a way to treat the dimensions as “dependent variables”. en_ZA
dc.description.department Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development en_ZA
dc.description.librarian pm2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fossi, F. & Hendriks, S.L. 2020, 'Food security policy choices : a review of the usefulness of public policy taxonomies', African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 16717-16737. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1684-5358 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1684-5374 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.18697/ajfand.94.20035
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher African Scholarly Science Communications Trust en_ZA
dc.rights © 2020 AJFAND. This is an open access article published under the Creative Commons Atribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. en_ZA
dc.subject Policy-classification en_ZA
dc.subject Food-security policy en_ZA
dc.subject Food systems en_ZA
dc.subject Policy-taxonomy en_ZA
dc.subject Lowi en_ZA
dc.subject Wilson en_ZA
dc.subject Dependent variable problem en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.title Food security policy choices : a review of the usefulness of public policy taxonomies en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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