Sinode van Emden : bakermat van die Nederduitse Kerke in Suid-Afrika

Show simple item record Dreyer, Willem Akkerhuys (Wim) 2021-05-11T05:12:21Z 2021-05-11T05:12:21Z 2020-09
dc.description.abstract The Synod of Emden: Cradle of the Netherdutch churches of South Africa. The Synod of Emden, which took place from 04 to 13 October 1571 in the city of Emden, is of great importance to the reformed churches in South Africa. In this contribution the importance of the Synod is highlighted from three distinct perspectives: Firstly, from a historical perspective, the establishment and growth of Calvinism in the Netherlands up to the Synod of Emden is described. Secondly, from the perspective of church polity, some principles of church governance, which the Synod of Emden has formulated, are discussed. Thirdly, from the perspective of language history, some remarks are made on the use of Netherdutch by the Synod of Emden and the continued use of Nederduits in the name of the Dutch Reformed churches in South Africa. The early phase of Dutch reformation was characterised by great diversity. It was a time of fluid and changing reformation movements. Not only did the magisterial reformers such as Luther, Bullinger, Calvin, Beza and Zwingli influenced ecclesial transformation in the Netherlands, but the Humanism of Erasmus was well-known and influential; the work of the Brothers of Common Life and Geert Groote had much influence through the education of children; the Devotio Moderna and Imitatio Christi of á Kempis influenced a new type of spirituality; the older proto-reformation movements of Cornelis Hoen and Hinne Rode still had some influence; the Anabaptist movements of Melchior Hoffmann, Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt and Menno Simmons were active in many towns and communities. Despite this diversity, it is quite remarkable how the Dutch reformation was influenced fundamentally from the French-speaking south, especially by the theology of John Calvin. The unity between the Dutch and French churches was formalised by the Synod of Emden. The unity in confession and organisation was articulated expressis verbis in the second resolution of the Synod. The reformed churches in the Netherlands were persecuted and disorganised. War broke out between Spain and the Netherlands. There existed a great need for direction and structure. One of the remarkable features of the Reformation was its ability to rethink, reorganise and restructure the church. Instruments used in this process of reformation was not only the establishment of the sana doctrina, but also the use of assemblies such as synods and the publication of church orders which articulated the basic principles of reformed church governance. The importance of church orders as instruments of change is often under-valued. It was no different with the Synod of Emden. The Synod and the principles of church governance laid the foundation of the Dutch Reformed Church and gave direction to the reformation movement in the Netherlands, also in terms of language and the use of Nederduitsch, a term which is still used in the names of some reformed churches in South Africa en_ZA
dc.description.department Church History and Church Policy en_ZA
dc.description.librarian pm2021 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Dreyer, W.A., 2020, ‘Die Sinode van Emden: Bakermat van die Nederduitse Kerke in Suid-Afrika’, In die Skriflig 54(1), a2630. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1018-6441 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2305-0853 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/ids.v54i1.2630
dc.language.iso Afrikaans en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS en_ZA
dc.rights © 2020. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Church history en_ZA
dc.subject Church polity en_ZA
dc.subject Calvinism en_ZA
dc.subject Netherlands en_ZA
dc.subject Bugenhagen en_ZA
dc.subject Northern Germany en_ZA
dc.subject Synod of Emden 1571 en_ZA
dc.subject Netherdutch en_ZA
dc.subject Cape of Good Hope en_ZA
dc.subject First General Assembly Cape Town 1824 en_ZA
dc.subject John Calvin (1509–1564) en_ZA
dc.subject Martin Luther (1483–1546) en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title Sinode van Emden : bakermat van die Nederduitse Kerke in Suid-Afrika en_ZA
dc.title.alternative The Synod of Emden : cradle of the Netherdutch churches of South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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