Background: Critically ill abdominal surgery patients are at risk of developing a paralytic ileus. Multidisciplinary interventions aim to prevent post-operative complications in the intensive care unit; including interventions to prevent the development of a paralytic ileus. However, the implementation of preventative interventions occurs ad hoc and these high risk patients still develop a post-operative paralytic ileus.
Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the implementation of post-operative interventions used in the critical care unit to prevent a paralytic ileus in patients following major open abdominal surgery.
Research design and methods: A quantitative, exploratory retrospective research design was used to answer the research question. Patient medical records were retrieved from a specialised intensive care unit situated in a private hospital in Gauteng. A unit of analysis represented the study population and a sample frame was used for choosing patient medical files in the study. Data was collected using a data collection sheet developed from literature. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics (frequency tables, odds ratio, relative risks, Pearson Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test).
Results and Conclusions: After data analysis, the results of the study were documented. Conclusions deducted from this study highlighted three significant interventions associated with the incidence of a post-operative paralytic ileus. Further research on these three interventions may possibly prevent a paralytic ileus in critically ill abdominal surgery patients in the future. Implementation of specific evidence-based post-operative interventions has been recommended to critical care providers of the private hospital group.
Dissertation (MCur)--University of Pretoria, 2020.