Paper presented at the 20th Annual South African Transport Conference 16 - 20 July 2001 "Meeting the transport challenges in Southern Africa", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa.
Un-milled GBS is widely used in France for stabilising gravels and sands and this stabilisation method is referred to as Grave-Laitier (GL) meaning gravel-slag. If sand is stabilised it is called Sable Laitier (sand-slag). In this process the GBS is mixed with the gravel or sand in a mixing installation (much like a concrete mixer). Because GBS will not hydrate in its own, but needs to be activated, lime and gypsum are added during the mixing process. Because un-milled slag has a gradation like sand and is used in relatively high percentages as a stabiliser (10 to 20%), the GBS
not only provides chemical, but also a mechanical stabilisation. This stabilisation method has a
number of advantages over conventional stabilisation using Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) or bitumen.
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