While a considerable body of research has focused on learners’ acceptance of or resistance to mobile technologies, fewer studies have focused on teachers. This research study aimed to understand the factors influencing South African teachers’ acceptance of or resistance to using mobile technologies in their classroom practice. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was used as a lens to explore factors that enhance mobile technology acceptance. The study consisted of a sequential mixed method, action research approach. Fifteen participants received training at a Mobile Technology workshop, aiming to provide professional development and enhance technological literacy knowledge and skills for teachers. The participants were then tasked to teach with technology and to share and reflect on their experiences and perceptions during the community of practice meetings. Content analysis was used to analyse the transcripts of these meetings and this led to the identification of 2 key factors, which enhanced the teachers’ acceptance of mobile technology, namely, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. Six sub-factors affecting acceptance were also identified: anxiety, ability, attitude, facilitating conditions, subjective norm and voluntariness. The factors that were identified suggest that additional professional development, infrastructure and resources need to be provided for teachers. We argue that by providing these necessities and eliminating or significantly reducing these factors, the use of mobile technology will be a success.
The manuscript was written by Kimera Moodley as
part of a PhD dissertation (http://hdl.handle.net/2263/67413).