CONTEXT: The COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic originating in Wuhan, China, has continued to escalate, causing millions of infections, over 100 thousand deaths, enormous economic losses, and global social challenges. Containing the rapid spread of the infection and deaths requires ajoint local, national, regional, and international collaborative evidence-based implementation of policies.
We aimed to identify, extract, summarize, and extrapolate symbiotic strategies and methods of containing pandemic viral diseases
for global implementation against COVID-19.
EVIDENCE AQUISITION: A literature review was conducted and used to describe and extrapolate strategies and methods used in
containing pandemic viral diseases occurring between the years 2000 and 2020. The information was identified, extracted, and
summarized from reports from the WHO, the CDC, the National Department of Health websites, and bibliographic databases such
as PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science.
RESULTS: Viral containment was found to be fostered and achieved through rapid behavior modifications, community mobilization,
and effective testing and treatment strategies. Educating communities on transmission, symptoms, outcomes, quarantine, and
isolation, prevention strategies such as sanitizing and using PPE, when and where to report suspected cases, and where to go for
testing, counseling, and treatment that have proven to be effective in managing and mitigating viral pandemics.
CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 is a viral pandemic that can be contained through a behavioral modification approach, where individuals
and communities jointly enforce international prevention policies responsibly and consistently