BACKGROUND : Worldwide, a large proportion of all new HIV infections occur in people under
the age of 25. HIV and AIDS remain the leading cause of deaths among adolescents in sub-
Saharan Africa and second leading cause of death globally. Preventing new HIV infections
and AIDS-related deaths are at the heart of South Africa’s National Strategic Plan on HIV and
AIDS, STIs and TB 2017-2022.
AIMS : Explore and describe the roles of the local role players in the implementation of the
school-based HIV and AIDS prevention programmes in local high school settings.
SETTINGS : The study was conducted in the Bushbuckridge local municipal area in Mpumalanga
METHODS : A qualitative, explorative, descriptive design and contextual study was used.
Individual interviews and focus group interviews were conducted with the purposively
selected participants from the clinic, health centre, high schools and community members.
Data was analysed using Tesch’s method of data analysis.
RESULTS : Although all the local role players were found to have important roles to play in the
implementation of the school-based HIV and AIDS prevention programme, gaps exist in the
rendering of youth friendly services (YFS); accessible clinic times; HIV and AIDS education;
life skills education; Life Orientation (LO) and health education; information sessions;
counselling; school health programmes; campaigns as well as collaborative working strategy.
CONCLUSION : Successful development and collaborative implementation of the school-based
HIV and AIDS prevention programme can result in significant changes in knowledge and
attitudes that affect sexual behaviour of young people, leading to significant decrease in HIV
infection among young people.