INTRODUCTION: hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide owing to its high prevalence and significant morbidity and
mortality. There are about 2 billion people living with HBV worldwide and over 360 million chronic carriers. The purpose of this study was to assess
the knowledge and practices of pregnant women and health care workers in the ANC and maternity units on HBV infection and its transmission.
METHODS: about 270 women attending ANC and 31 health care workers were selected by convenience sampling. They were evaluated using a
structured questionnaire to assess their knowledge and practices on HBV prevention and transmission. RESULTS: pregnant women in the Limbe
Health District demonstrated good knowledge but adopted poor practices whereas in the Muyuka Health District, pregnant women demonstrated
poor knowledge and adopted poor practices regarding the mode of transmission and prevention of HBV infection. Health care workers in both the
Limbe and Muyuka Health Districts however, demonstrated good knowledge and adopted good practices. CONCLUSION: there was a significant
relationship between the knowledge and practice of pregnant women and health care workers on Hepatitis B prevention in the Muyuka Health District
(P = 0.0006).