Acute respiratory infection related to air pollution in Bamenda, north west region of Cameroon

Show simple item record Nsoh, Marius Mankollo, Bassong Olga Yvonne Ebongue, Mbondji Cyprien, Kengne Nde Ngo Likeng, Julienne Louise Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Collier, Andrew Tsoka-Gwegweni, Joyce Mahlako Cumber, Samuel Nambile 2020-08-18T06:45:00Z 2020-08-18T06:45:00Z 2019-03
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION: Air pollution is a global health problem. It's responsible for over 4 million deaths each year and constitutes a risk factor for acute respiratory infections (ARI). The aims of this study was to assess knowledge about air pollution, and to determine environmental risk factors associated with ARIs occurence in the city of Bamenda, Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study and performed a rectrospective analysis of ARI consultation within the period March 2016 to July 2016 in the Bamenda Health District. We interviewd 201 patients and recorded 1849 cases from hospital registers of patients diagnosed ARI from January 2013 to April 2016. Epi-info 7.2 was used for data entry and analysis. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the importance of the different environmental risk factors. RESULTS: Over 70% of the participants used at least a form of solid fuel for cooking. The Odds of developing an ARI was 3.62 greater among those exposed to indoor cooking compared to the unexposed (OR 3.62, CI 1.45-4.90). Participants exposed to open fire burning were 1.91 times more like to develop ARI compared to unexposed (OR: 1.91, CI 1.03-3.55: p : 0.03). Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) levels was 13.2 times higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended levels. Dry and dusty weathers increased the risk of ARIs (OR 3.24; CI 1.47-7.13). The prevalence of ARIs in the Bamenda Health District was 6% of all consultations. CONCLUSION: Using solid fuels in poorly ventilated homes increase the total air particle suspension indoor. Inhalling this poor air irritates the repiratory tract, eyes while longterm exposure increases the odds of cancers. Ventilating homes with indoor cooking space reduces exposure while using clean fuels like electricity reduces the odds of ARI associated with pollution. en_ZA
dc.description.department School of Health Systems and Public Health (SHSPH) en_ZA
dc.description.librarian pm2020 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Nsoh, M., Mankollo, B.O.Y., Ebongue, M. et al. 2019, 'Acute respiratory infection related to air pollution in Bamenda, North West Region of Cameroon', Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 32, a99. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 10.11604/pamj.2019.32.99.15228
dc.identifier.issn 1937-8688 (online)
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher African Field Epidemiology Network en_ZA
dc.rights © Marius Nsoh et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( en_ZA
dc.subject Ambient pollution en_ZA
dc.subject Indoor pollution en_ZA
dc.subject Risk factors en_ZA
dc.subject Morbidity en_ZA
dc.subject Particulate matter en_ZA
dc.subject Acute respiratory infection (ARI) en_ZA
dc.subject Air pollution en_ZA
dc.subject Cameroon en_ZA
dc.subject Environmental risk factors en_ZA
dc.title Acute respiratory infection related to air pollution in Bamenda, north west region of Cameroon en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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