BACKGROUND : Many scholars focus their research efforts on the entrepreneurial intention of
students and non-entrepreneurs, yet most of these scholars found empirical evidence that
intention does not necessarily lead these individuals to start businesses (entrepreneurial
action). Possible explanations for this could be that: (1) previous studies focused on the wrong
samples; (2) they measured entrepreneurial intention as a single construct; and (3) there is a
missing link between intention and action.
AIM: To address these gaps, we determine the relationship between recurring entrepreneurial
intention attitudes and action as well as entrepreneurial intention behaviours and action of 154
existing entrepreneurs in South Africa. By focusing on a sample of existing entrepreneurs who
have already started a business, we shed light on the set of entrepreneurial competencies as a
missing link between intention and action. This article is of academic importance as it focuses
on the recurring process that entrepreneurs follow instead of the initial intention that is often
overemphasised in literature. As far as could be determined, no other studies have investigated
the relationships between entrepreneurial competencies, recurring entrepreneurial intention
attitudes, recurring entrepreneurial intention behaviours and recurring entrepreneurial action.
SETTING: The research was conducted on 154 existing entrepreneurs in South Africa.
METHODS: A self-administered survey was used and the findings indicate that entrepreneurial
competencies have a positive relationship with recurring entrepreneurial action, recurring
entrepreneurial intention behaviours and recurring entrepreneurial intention attitudes.
RESULTS: There was no significant relationship between entrepreneurial action and recurring
entrepreneurial intention behaviours. This is an unexpected finding as a positive relationship
was expected for a sample that had prior entrepreneurial experience and already engaged in
prior behaviours. However, this study contributes to the entrepreneurial intention–action
literature by suggesting that existing entrepreneurs with recurring intention should also be
measured in these relationships, in comparison to other research that mainly focused on the
intentions of students and non-entrepreneurs.
CONCLUSION: The practical contribution of this article is in the identification of specific
entrepreneurial competencies, such as creative problem-solving, opportunity recognition and
value creation that existing entrepreneurs relied on the most when engaging in entrepreneurial
action. Potential, nascent, existing and serial entrepreneurs could focus on these competencies
if they wish to engage in entrepreneurial action as well as recurring entrepreneurship.
Bignotti, Alex; Le Roux, Ingrid(University of Johannesburg, 2016-06-10)
ORIENTATION : Against the backdrop of recent youth unemployment dynamics, scholars have
increasingly focused their attention on youth entrepreneurial intentions and their associated
factors, such as entrepreneurship ...
Botha, Melodi; Taljaard, Amorie(University of Pretoria, Department of Economics, 2019-05)
BACKGROUND: Although many scholars focus their research efforts on predicting entrepreneurial
intention, these scholars have not determined the bidirectional relationship between
entrepreneurial intention and competencies.
The creation of start-up businesses that are of high growth in South Africa could be achieved by understanding the entrepreneurial orientation and motivations of individuals who are already in businessThe study focused ...