The tree Acacia mearnsii is native to south-eastern Australia but has become an aggressive invader in many countries. In South Africa, it is a significant threat to the conservation of biomes. Detecting and mapping its early invasion is critical. The current ground-based methods to map A. mearnsii are accurate but are neither economical nor practical. Remote sensing (RS) provides accurate and repeatable spatial information on tree species. The potential of RS technology to map A. mearnsii distributions remains poorly understood, mainly due to a lack of knowledge on the spectral properties of A. mearnsii relative to co-occurring native plants. We investigated the spectral uniqueness of A. mearnsii compared to co-occurring native plant species within the South African landscape. We explored full-range (400-2500 nm), leaf and canopy hyperspectral reflectance of the species. The spectral reflectance was collected biweekly from December 23, 2016 and May 31, 2017. We conducted a time series analysis, to assess the effect of seasonality on species discrimination. For comparison, two classification models were employed: parametric interval extended canonical variate discriminant (iECVA-DA) and nonparametric random forest discriminant classifiers (RF-DA). The results of this paper suggest that phenology plays a crucial role in discriminating between A. mearnsii and sampled species. The RF classifier discriminated A. mearnsii with slightly higher accuracies (from 92% to 100%) when compared with the iECVA-DA (from 85% to 93%). The study showed the potential of RS to discriminate between A. mearnsii and co-occurring plant species.