Factors included in adult fall risk assessment tools (FRATs) : a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author De Clercq, Hendrika
dc.contributor.author Naude, Alida
dc.contributor.author Bornman, Juan, 1968-
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-23T07:58:59Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-23T07:58:59Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.description.abstract Falls often have severe financial and environmental consequences, not only for those who fall, but also for their families and society at large. Identifying fall risk in older adults can be of great use in preventing or reducing falls and fall risk, and preventative measures that are then introduced can help reduce the incidence and severity of falls in older adults. The overall aim of our systematic review was to provide an analysis of existing mechanisms and measures for evaluating fall risk in older adults. The 43 included FRATs produced a total of 493 FRAT items which, when linked to the ICF, resulted in a total of 952 ICF codes. The ICF domain with the most used codes was body function, with 381 of the 952 codes used (40%), followed by activities and participation with 273 codes (28%), body structure with 238 codes (25%) and, lastly, environmental and personal factors with only 60 codes (7%). This review highlights the fact that current FRATs focus on the body, neglecting environmental and personal factors and, to a lesser extent, activities and participation. This over-reliance on the body as the point of failure in fall risk assessment clearly highlights the need for gathering qualitative data, such as from focus group discussions with older adults, to capture the perspectives and views of the older adults themselves about the factors that increase their risk of falling and comparing these perspectives to the data gathered from published FRATs as described in this review. en_ZA
dc.description.department Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (CAAC) en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2020 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (HdC). en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ageing-and-society en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation De Clercq, H., Naude, A. & Bornman, J. 2020, 'Factors included in adult fall risk assessment tools (FRATs) : a systematic review', Ageing and Society, NYP. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0144-686X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1469-1779 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1017/S0144686X2000046X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/74357
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en_ZA
dc.rights © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press. en_ZA
dc.subject Accidental falls en_ZA
dc.subject Disability en_ZA
dc.subject Aging/ageing en_ZA
dc.subject Balance en_ZA
dc.subject Health en_ZA
dc.subject Fall risk factors en_ZA
dc.subject Fall risk assessment tools (FRATs) en_ZA
dc.title Factors included in adult fall risk assessment tools (FRATs) : a systematic review en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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