The organisation and layout of Zulu military homesteads (amakhanda)

Show simple item record Van der Merwe, Renier H. Pikirayi, Innocent 2020-04-13T10:16:44Z 2019
dc.description.abstract The nineteenth century witnessed the spread and development of a number of northern Nguni kingdoms throughout southern Africa. Central to the success and stability of these kingdoms was the regimental system. A critical aspect of this system was the military settlements or amakhanda (singular ikhanda). These settlements provided housing to soldiers, but also acted as centres of royal authority. Due to the specific function and nature of these settlements, they had a settlement organisation and layout that differed from that of a family homestead (umuzi). This study identifies a number of differences that may enable archaeologists to distinguish between amakhanda and other settlements. An ikhanda was organised into four structural sections, each of which was used for very specific purposes: the central enclosure; regimental housing; the great isigodlo; and the isigodlo. Amakhanda represent a fundamental change that had occurred among the northern Nguni, a change that ultimately resulted in the formation of the Zulu kingdom and the reshaping of the socio-political organisation of southern Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anthropology and Archaeology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2020-05-22
dc.description.librarian hj2020 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Renier H. van der Merwe & Innocent Pikirayi (2019) The organisation and layout of Zulu military homesteads (amakhanda), Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 54:1, 75-93, DOI: 10.1080/0067270X.2018.1540218. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0067-270X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1945-5534 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/0067270X.2018.1540218
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Routledge en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an electronic version of an article published in Azania, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 75-93, 2019. doi : 10.1080/0067270X.2018.1540218. Azania is available online at : http://www.tandfonline.comloi/raza20. en_ZA
dc.subject Ikhanda en_ZA
dc.subject Military homestead en_ZA
dc.subject Settlement patterns en_ZA
dc.subject Settlement organisation en_ZA
dc.subject Zulu en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title The organisation and layout of Zulu military homesteads (amakhanda) en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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