The size of indigenous Venda cattle during the Late Iron Age in South Africa

Show simple item record Badenhorst, Shaw Magoma, Munyadziwa 2020-03-12T07:08:43Z 2019-04
dc.description.abstract Very little data exist on shoulder heights of cattle from archaeological contexts in eastern, central and southern Africa, in no small part due to the virtual absence of complete long bones. We report on complete metapodia of cattle from Mutokolwe, a Late Iron Age site in South Africa that was occupied by Venda-speakers. The shoulder height of cattle from Mutokolwe ranges between 106.90 and 129.49 cm indicating the presence of a small breed of cattle. We present shoulder heights for a number of cattle breeds from eastern, central and southern Africa to show that indigenous, unimproved cattle from this region are often small in stature, well within the range for that recorded at Mutokolwe. Dwarf cattle have previously been reported from Nyanga in eastern Zimbabwe dating from the Late Iron Age. The size of cattle at Nyanga, although small, is within the range of other indigenous cattle from the subcontinent. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anthropology and Archaeology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2020-04-01
dc.description.librarian hj2020 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation (NRF), the Department of Arts and Culture and the South African National Parks (SANParks). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Badenhorst, S. & Magoma, M. 2019, 'The size of indigenous Venda cattle during the Late Iron Age in South Africa', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 24, pp. 231-235. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2352-409X
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.01.013
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports, vol. 24, pp. 231-235, 2019. doi : 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.01.013. en_ZA
dc.subject Cattle en_ZA
dc.subject Dwarf en_ZA
dc.subject Zebu en_ZA
dc.subject Sanga en_ZA
dc.subject Bos taurus en_ZA
dc.subject Iron Age en_ZA
dc.subject Mutokolwe en_ZA
dc.subject Nyanga en_ZA
dc.subject K2 en_ZA
dc.subject Shoulder (withers) height en_ZA
dc.title The size of indigenous Venda cattle during the Late Iron Age in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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