This study investigates three presumed fractured phocid seal bones: An isolated metapodial and an ulna belonging to different individuals of the extinct phocid, Homiphoca capensis, from Langebaanweg and a mandible of a juvenile elephant seal (Mirounga leonina), which was included to assess the validity of the assumption that changes to bones caused by fractures are consistent across extant and extinct members of the same groups. The bones were studied using a multi-method approach, including gross morphology, microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) and histology. Micro-CT showed that the metapodial was not fractured and information drawn from other analyses suggested that the pathology was an osteosarcoma. Histology of normal and fractured regions of the mandible and ulna permitted an estimate about the fracture healing stage, and showed the bone tissue at the fracture sites to be histologically similar. A birth line found on the lateral surface of the elephant seal mandible emphasised its young age and marked the first example of a birth line in a bone of a semi-aquatic mammal. A large scope of information was obtained using this multi-method approach, which could permit insight into the life events and lifestyles of modern and extinct individuals, such as H. capensis.