Gene duplicates, generated through either whole genome duplication (WGD) or small-scale duplication (SSD), are prominent in angiosperms and are believed to play an important role in adaptation and in generating evolutionary novelty. Previous studies reported contrasting evolutionary and functional dynamics of duplicate genes depending on the mechanism of origin, a behavior that is hypothesized to stem from constraints to maintain the relative dosage balance between the genes concerned and their interaction context. However, the mechanisms ultimately influencing loss and retention of gene duplicates over evolutionary time are not yet fully elucidated. Here, by using a robust classification of gene duplicates in Arabidopsis thaliana, Solanum lycopersicum, and Zea mays, large RNAseq expression compendia and an extensive protein–protein interaction (PPI) network from Arabidopsis, we investigated the impact of PPIs on the differential evolutionary and functional fate of WGD and SSD duplicates. In all three species, retained WGD duplicates show stronger constraints to diverge at the sequence and expression level than SSD ones, a pattern that is also observed for shared PPI partners between Arabidopsis duplicates. PPIs are preferentially distributed among WGD duplicates and specific functional categories. Furthermore, duplicates with PPIs tend to be under stronger constraints to evolve than their counterparts without PPIs regardless of their mechanism of origin. Our results support dosage balance constraint as a specific property of genes involved in biological interactions, including physical PPIs, and suggest that additional factors may be differently influencing the evolution of genes following duplication, depending on the species, time, and mechanism of origin.
Bushakevitz, Ammiel Issaschar(University of Pretoria, 2010-09-03)
This study uncovers and interprets the representation of alterity in Schubert’s Moment musical in Aβ, op. 94 no. 2 (1828) and Wilde’s ‘The Nightingale and the Rose’ from The Happy Prince and Other Stories (1888). Furthermore, ...
BACKGROUND: Gene duplication events play an important role in the evolution and adaptation of organisms.
Duplicated genes can arise through different mechanisms, including whole-genome duplications (WGDs). Recently,
Ruprecht, Colin; Lohaus, Rolf; Vanneste, Kevin; Mutwil, Marek; Nikoloski, Zoran; Van de Peer, Yves; Persson, Staffan(American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017-07-05)
Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) or polyploidy events have been studied extensively in plants. In a now
widely cited paper, Jiao et al. presented evidence for two ancient, ancestral plant WGDs predating the origin