Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use

Show simple item record Stephens, Lucas Fuller, Dorian Boivin, Nicole Rick, Torben Gauthier, Nicolas Kay, Andrea Marwick, Ben Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda Barton, C. Michael Denham, Tim Douglass, Kristina Driver, Jonathan Janz, Lisa Roberts, Patrick Rogers, J. Daniel Thakar, Heather Altaweel, Mark Johnson, Amber L. Vattuone, Maria Marta Sampietro Aldenderfer, Mark Archila, Sonia Artioli, Gilberto Bale, Martin T. Beach, Timothy Borrell, Ferran Braje, Todd Buckland, Philip I. Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe Jiménez Capriles, Jose M. Castillo, Agustin Diez Cilingiroglu, Ciler Cleary, Michelle Negus Conolly, James Coutros, Peter R. Covey, R. Alan Cremaschi, Mauro Crowther, Alison Der, Lindsay Di Lernia, Savino Doershuk, John F. Doolittle, William E. Edwards, Kevin J. Erlandson, Jon M. Evans, Damian Fairbairn, Andrew Faulkner, Patrick Feinman, Gary Fernandes, Ricardo Fitzpatrick, Scott M. Fyfe, Ralph Garcea, Elena Goldstein, Steve Goodman, Reed Charles Guedes, Jade Dalpoim Herrmann, Jason Hiscock, Peter Hommel, Peter Horsburgh, K. Ann Hritz, Carrie Ives, John W. Junno, Aripekka Kahn, Jennifer G. Kaufman, Brett Kearns, Catherine Kidder, Tristram R. Lanoe, Francois Lawrence, Dan Lee, Gyoung-Ah Levin, Maureece J. Lindskoug, Henrik B. Lopez-Saez, Jose Antonio Macrae, Scott Marchant, Rob Marston, John M. McClure, Sarah McCoy, Mark D. Miller, Alicia Ventresca Morrison, Michael Matuzeviciute, Giedre Motuzaite Muller, Johannes Nayak, Ayushi Noerwidi, Sofwan Peres, Tanya M. Peterson, Christian E. Proctor, Lucas Randall, Asa R. Renette, Steve Schug, Gwen Robbins Ryzewski, Krysta Saini, Rakesh Scheinsohn, Vivian Schmidt, Peter Sebillaud, Pauline Seitsonen, Oula Simpson, Ian A. Soltysiak, Arkadiusz Speakman, Robert J. Spengler, Robert N. Steffen, Martina L. Storozum, Michael J. Strickland, Keir M. Thompson, Jessica Thurston, T.L. Ulm, Sean Ustunkaya, M. Cemre Welker, Martin H. West, Catherine Williams, Patrick Ryan Wright, David K. Wright, Nathan Zahir, Muhammad Zerboni, Andrea Beaudoin, Ella Garcia, Santiago Munevar Powell, Jeremy Thornton, Alexa Kaplan, Jed O. Gaillard, Marie-Jose Goldewijk, Kees Klein Ellis, Erle 2019-12-03T11:30:05Z 2019-12-03T11:30:05Z 2019-08
dc.description Supplementary material : Materials and Methods; Figs. S1 to S7; Tables S1 to S4; ArchaeoGLOBE Project Author List; References (56–60) en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth’s transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anthropology and Archaeology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Science Foundation en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Stephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N. et al. 2019, 'Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use', Science, vol. 365, no. 6456, pp. 897–902. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1095-9203 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1126/science.aax1192
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All Rights Reserved. en_ZA
dc.subject Archaeological knowledge en_ZA
dc.subject Global patterns en_ZA
dc.subject Regional land-use change en_ZA
dc.subject Intensive land use en_ZA
dc.subject Anthropocene en_ZA
dc.title Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record