Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use

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dc.contributor.author Stephens, Lucas
dc.contributor.author Fuller, Dorian
dc.contributor.author Boivin, Nicole
dc.contributor.author Rick, Torben
dc.contributor.author Gauthier, Nicolas
dc.contributor.author Kay, Andrea
dc.contributor.author Marwick, Ben
dc.contributor.author Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda
dc.contributor.author Barton, C. Michael
dc.contributor.author Denham, Tim
dc.contributor.author Douglass, Kristina
dc.contributor.author Driver, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Janz, Lisa
dc.contributor.author Roberts, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Rogers, J. Daniel
dc.contributor.author Thakar, Heather
dc.contributor.author Altaweel, Mark
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Amber L.
dc.contributor.author Vattuone, Maria Marta Sampietro
dc.contributor.author Aldenderfer, Mark
dc.contributor.author Archila, Sonia
dc.contributor.author Artioli, Gilberto
dc.contributor.author Bale, Martin T.
dc.contributor.author Beach, Timothy
dc.contributor.author Borrell, Ferran
dc.contributor.author Braje, Todd
dc.contributor.author Buckland, Philip I.
dc.contributor.author Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe Jiménez
dc.contributor.author Capriles, Jose M.
dc.contributor.author Castillo, Agustin Diez
dc.contributor.author Cilingiroglu, Ciler
dc.contributor.author Cleary, Michelle Negus
dc.contributor.author Conolly, James
dc.contributor.author Coutros, Peter R.
dc.contributor.author Covey, R. Alan
dc.contributor.author Cremaschi, Mauro
dc.contributor.author Crowther, Alison
dc.contributor.author Der, Lindsay
dc.contributor.author Di Lernia, Savino
dc.contributor.author Doershuk, John F.
dc.contributor.author Doolittle, William E.
dc.contributor.author Edwards, Kevin J.
dc.contributor.author Erlandson, Jon M.
dc.contributor.author Evans, Damian
dc.contributor.author Fairbairn, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Faulkner, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Feinman, Gary
dc.contributor.author Fernandes, Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Fitzpatrick, Scott M.
dc.contributor.author Fyfe, Ralph
dc.contributor.author Garcea, Elena
dc.contributor.author Goldstein, Steve
dc.contributor.author Goodman, Reed Charles
dc.contributor.author Guedes, Jade Dalpoim
dc.contributor.author Herrmann, Jason
dc.contributor.author Hiscock, Peter
dc.contributor.author Hommel, Peter
dc.contributor.author Horsburgh, K. Ann
dc.contributor.author Hritz, Carrie
dc.contributor.author Ives, John W.
dc.contributor.author Junno, Aripekka
dc.contributor.author Kahn, Jennifer G.
dc.contributor.author Kaufman, Brett
dc.contributor.author Kearns, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Kidder, Tristram R.
dc.contributor.author Lanoe, Francois
dc.contributor.author Lawrence, Dan
dc.contributor.author Lee, Gyoung-Ah
dc.contributor.author Levin, Maureece J.
dc.contributor.author Lindskoug, Henrik B.
dc.contributor.author Lopez-Saez, Jose Antonio
dc.contributor.author Macrae, Scott
dc.contributor.author Marchant, Rob
dc.contributor.author Marston, John M.
dc.contributor.author McClure, Sarah
dc.contributor.author McCoy, Mark D.
dc.contributor.author Miller, Alicia Ventresca
dc.contributor.author Morrison, Michael
dc.contributor.author Matuzeviciute, Giedre Motuzaite
dc.contributor.author Muller, Johannes
dc.contributor.author Nayak, Ayushi
dc.contributor.author Noerwidi, Sofwan
dc.contributor.author Peres, Tanya M.
dc.contributor.author Peterson, Christian E.
dc.contributor.author Proctor, Lucas
dc.contributor.author Randall, Asa R.
dc.contributor.author Renette, Steve
dc.contributor.author Schug, Gwen Robbins
dc.contributor.author Ryzewski, Krysta
dc.contributor.author Saini, Rakesh
dc.contributor.author Scheinsohn, Vivian
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Peter
dc.contributor.author Sebillaud, Pauline
dc.contributor.author Seitsonen, Oula
dc.contributor.author Simpson, Ian A.
dc.contributor.author Soltysiak, Arkadiusz
dc.contributor.author Speakman, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Spengler, Robert N.
dc.contributor.author Steffen, Martina L.
dc.contributor.author Storozum, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author Strickland, Keir M.
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Jessica
dc.contributor.author Thurston, T.L.
dc.contributor.author Ulm, Sean
dc.contributor.author Ustunkaya, M. Cemre
dc.contributor.author Welker, Martin H.
dc.contributor.author West, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Williams, Patrick Ryan
dc.contributor.author Wright, David K.
dc.contributor.author Wright, Nathan
dc.contributor.author Zahir, Muhammad
dc.contributor.author Zerboni, Andrea
dc.contributor.author Beaudoin, Ella
dc.contributor.author Garcia, Santiago Munevar
dc.contributor.author Powell, Jeremy
dc.contributor.author Thornton, Alexa
dc.contributor.author Kaplan, Jed O.
dc.contributor.author Gaillard, Marie-Jose
dc.contributor.author Goldewijk, Kees Klein
dc.contributor.author Ellis, Erle
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-03T11:30:05Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-03T11:30:05Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08
dc.description Supplementary material : Materials and Methods; Figs. S1 to S7; Tables S1 to S4; ArchaeoGLOBE Project Author List; References (56–60) en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth’s transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anthropology and Archaeology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Science Foundation en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.sciencemag.org en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Stephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N. et al. 2019, 'Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use', Science, vol. 365, no. 6456, pp. 897–902. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1095-9203 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1126/science.aax1192
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/72482
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All Rights Reserved. en_ZA
dc.subject Archaeological knowledge en_ZA
dc.subject Global patterns en_ZA
dc.subject Regional land-use change en_ZA
dc.subject Intensive land use en_ZA
dc.subject Anthropocene en_ZA
dc.title Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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