ORIENTATION : South Africa is currently facing a youth unemployment crisis. Confirmation of
the problem was situated in our review of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 3, 2015.
We found that the 15–24 years age group was most affected where many were neither in
employment, education or training. We asked whether the promotion of entrepreneurship
among youth could be a potential solution.
RESEARCH PURPOSE : Our research sought to investigate whether there existed a correlation
between exposure to entrepreneurship education (EE) and the development of self-efficacy in
high school South African youth in the age group of 15–18 years. We also investigated if the
programme duration would influence the degree to which self-efficacy was developed, and
the correlation of self-efficacy with entrepreneurial and entrepreneurial intention as a predictor
of entrepreneurial activity.
MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY : Our motivation stemmed from the belief that the youth
unemployment crisis will not be solved by formal employment; that entrepreneurship
education needed to be promoted at the school level to address skills mismatches between
education and employment creation.
RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD : We collected our data through a questionnaire from
two samples of students taking the Junior Achievement programme. The study adopted a
quantitative approach and adopted the use of a Likert scale questionnaire. Of the 1 200
questionnaires distributed, 637 were usable for the short entrepreneurship education programme
and 381 were usable for the long entrepreneurship education programme. The purposive
sampling technique was adopted. We collected data around the participants’ perceptions of selfefficacy
post-entrepreneurship education intervention. We used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Model (SEM) to analyse our data. Our tests of reliability and
validity by use of CFA and SEM confirmed that we were using a stable model.
MAIN FINDINGS : The research found positive correlations between the items comprising selfefficacy
that can be developed through EE. Also, EE of a longer duration had stronger positive
correlations with such items.
PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS : We make practical recommendations pertinent to the type
of EE schools ought to introduce.
CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD : Our research contributed to existing theory about the influence of EE
on the development of self-efficacy.
This article is based on the PhD thesis of the first author
at the University of Pretoria, 2017, titled ‘The effect of
entrepreneurship education programmes on the mind-set of
South African youth’ by Sara Bux, available at: http://hdl.
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Bignotti, Alex; Le Roux, Ingrid(University of Johannesburg, 2016-06-10)
ORIENTATION : Against the backdrop of recent youth unemployment dynamics, scholars have
increasingly focused their attention on youth entrepreneurial intentions and their associated
factors, such as entrepreneurship ...
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