Culicoides species as potential vectors of African horse sickness virus in the southern regions of South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Riddin, M.A. (Megan)
dc.contributor.author Venter, Gert Johannes
dc.contributor.author Labuschagne, K.
dc.contributor.author Villet, M.H.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-04T12:40:04Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12
dc.description.abstract African horse sickness (AHS), a disease of equids caused by the AHS virus, is of major concern in South Africa. With mortality reaching up to 95% in susceptible horses and the apparent reoccurrence of cases in regions deemed non‐endemic, most particularly the Eastern Cape, epidemiological research into factors contributing to the increase in the range of this economically important virus became imperative. The vectors, Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), are considered unable to proliferate during the unfavourable climatic conditions experienced in winter in the province, although the annual occurrence of AHS suggests that the virus has become established and that vector activity continues throughout the year. Surveillance of Culicoides within the province is sparse and little was known of the diversity of vector species or the abundance of known vectors, Culicoides imicola and Culicoides bolitinos. Surveillance was performed using light trapping methods at selected sites with varying equid species over two winter and two outbreak seasons, aiming to determine diversity, abundance and vector epidemiology of Culicoides within the province. The research provided an updated checklist of Culicoides species within the Eastern Cape, contributing to an increase in the knowledge of AHS vector epidemiology, as well as prevention and control in southern Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.department UP Centre for Sustainable Malaria Control (UP CSMC) en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2020-12-01
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation and the African Horse Sickness Trust. en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/13652915 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Riddin, M.A., Venter, G.J., Labuschagne, K. et al. 2019, 'Culicoides species as potential vectors of African horse sickness virus in the southern regions of South Africa', Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 33, no.4, pp. 498-511. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0269-283X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1365-2915 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/mve.12391
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/71576
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Wiley en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019 The Royal Entomological Society. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article : 'Culicoides species as potential vectors of African horse sickness virus in the southern regions of South Africa', Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 33, no.4, pp. 498-511, 2019, doi : 10.1111/mve.12391. The definite version is available at : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/13652915. en_ZA
dc.subject African horse sickness (AHS) en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.subject Culicoides en_ZA
dc.subject Orbivirus en_ZA
dc.subject Epidemiology en_ZA
dc.subject Light trapping midges en_ZA
dc.subject Vector en_ZA
dc.title Culicoides species as potential vectors of African horse sickness virus in the southern regions of South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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