Solar ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection behaviors and knowledge among a high-risk and overlooked group of outdoor workers in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Nkogatse, Mahlako Malesele
dc.contributor.author Ramotsehoa, Motsehoa Cynthia
dc.contributor.author Eloff, Frederick Christofel
dc.contributor.author Wright, C.Y. (Caradee)
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-03T11:35:14Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01
dc.description.abstract The exposure of outdoor car guards to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), the majority with deeply pigmented skin, to solar UVR was measured for five consecutive days during early spring (September 2017) in South Africa using electronic UVR dosimeters attached to the upper arm of each participant. The exposure of the nape of the neck, forehead, nose, cheek and hand was extrapolated from the measurements. The onsite ambient solar UVR on a flat, horizontal, unshaded surface was measured concurrently. The sun-related knowledge, behavior and attitudes of the car guards were evaluated using questionnaires. Total personal daily solar UVR exposure as a percentage of the ambient solar UVR exposure was 24%. The exposure of car guards on several body sites was in excess of the occupational threshold limit value. Sleeved shirts and hats were the most commonly used sun protection measures (worn by 70% and 80%, respectively). Considering the high levels of solar UVR reported on most days throughout the year in South Africa, more studies quantifying the personal exposure of outdoor workers in both the informal and formal sectors are necessary. en_ZA
dc.description.department Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2020-01-01
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship M.M. Nkogatse received research funding from the National Research Foundation of South Africa and HSE Solutions. C.Y. Wright received research funding from the South African Medical Research Council and the National Research Foundation of South Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/17511097 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Nkogatse, M.M., Ramotsehoa, M.C., Eloff, F.C. et al. 2019, 'Solar ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection behaviors and knowledge among a high-risk and overlooked group of outdoor workers in South Africa', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 439-445. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0031-8655 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1751-1097 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/php.13008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/71567
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Wiley en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018 The American Society of Photobiology. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article : 'Solar ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection behaviors and knowledge among a high-risk and overlooked group of outdoor workers in South Africa', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 439-445, 2019, doi : 10.1111/php.13008. The definite version is available at : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/17511097. en_ZA
dc.subject Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.subject Sun protection en_ZA
dc.subject Outdoor workers en_ZA
dc.title Solar ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection behaviors and knowledge among a high-risk and overlooked group of outdoor workers in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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