High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games : a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days

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dc.contributor.author Derman, Wayne
dc.contributor.author Runciman, Phoebe
dc.contributor.author Jordaan, Esme
dc.contributor.author Schwellnus, Martin Peter
dc.contributor.author Blauwet, Cheri
dc.contributor.author Webborn, Nick
dc.contributor.author Lexell, Jan
dc.contributor.author Van De Vliet, Peter
dc.contributor.author Kissick, James
dc.contributor.author Stomphorst, Jaap
dc.contributor.author Lee, Young-Hee
dc.contributor.author Kim, Keun-Suh
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-20T08:15:32Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-20T08:15:32Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE : To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. METHODS : 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS : 112 of 567 athletes (19.8%) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9%) did not require time loss. CONCLUSION : The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint—a consistent finding in elite para sport. en_ZA
dc.description.department Sports Medicine en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://bjsm.bmj.com en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Derman W, Runciman P, Jordaan E, et al High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days British Journal of Sports Medicine Published 2020;54:38–43. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0306-3674 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1473-0480 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/71147
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. en_ZA
dc.subject Epidemiology en_ZA
dc.subject Sports injuries en_ZA
dc.subject Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games en_ZA
dc.title High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games : a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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