Periodontal disease - risk factors and treatment options

Show simple item record Madiba, Thomas Khomotjo Bhayat, Ahmed 2019-07-05T08:05:59Z 2019-07-05T08:05:59Z 2018-10
dc.description.abstract Periodontal disease (PD) encompasses both gingivitis and periodontitis. Both are initiated by plaque and are influenced by the immune and inflammatory responses of each individual. In addition, PD is modified by several risk factors including smoking, medications, alcohol, age, gender and systemic diseases. Gingivitis affects 50–90% of adults worldwide and is reversible by simple, effective oral hygiene and lifestyle changes. Between 10–15% of the global adult population suffer from progressive periodontitis, which if left un- attended, results in halitosis, pain and loss of teeth. As dental plaque is the principal etiological factor in the pathogenesis of PD, effective oral hygiene and plaque removal is the most important strategy in the pre- vention of this disease. There is also evidence that PD has several modifiable risk factors in common with cer- tain non-communicable chronic diseases like diabetes. Therefore, to prevent PD, the approach of controlling the common risk factors could be an effective strategy. Potential risk-factor entry points are reduction of tobacco use, reduction in consumption of harmful levels of alcohol, a healthy diet and good nutrition and improvement of personal hygiene. Whilst PD is not contagious it can become extremely common and debilitating, given the ideal environment. This paper discusses the risk factors and identifies options by which PD can be prevented and reduced. en_ZA
dc.description.department Community Dentistry en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2019 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Madiba, T.K. & Bhayat, A. 2018, 'Periodontal disease - risk factors and treatment options', South African Dental Journal, vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 571-575. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1029-4864 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2519-0105 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.17159/2519-0105/2018/v73no9a5
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher South African Dental Association en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019 E-Doc cc en_ZA
dc.subject Plaque en_ZA
dc.subject Risk factors en_ZA
dc.subject Periodontal disease (PD) en_ZA
dc.subject Periodontitis en_ZA
dc.subject Gingivitis en_ZA
dc.subject Systemic diseases en_ZA
dc.subject Smoking en_ZA
dc.subject Medications en_ZA
dc.subject Gender en_ZA
dc.subject Alcohol en_ZA
dc.subject Age en_ZA
dc.title Periodontal disease - risk factors and treatment options en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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