Serological evidence of vaccination and perceptions concerning foot-and-mouth disease control in cattle at the wildlife-livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Lazarus, David Dazhia
dc.contributor.author Fosgate, Geoffrey Theodore
dc.contributor.author Van Schalkwyk, Ockert Louis
dc.contributor.author Burroughs, R.E.J. (Richard)
dc.contributor.author Heath, Livio
dc.contributor.author Maree, Francois Frederick
dc.contributor.author Blignaut, Belinda
dc.contributor.author Reininghaus, Bjorn
dc.contributor.author Mpehle, A.
dc.contributor.author Rikhotso, Oupa
dc.contributor.author Thomson, Gavin R.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-28T11:10:41Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-28T11:10:41Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11
dc.description.abstract Communal livestock farming areas adjoining the Greater Kruger National Park Area within South Africa are part of the Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) Protection Zone with Vaccination due to the proximity to wildlife reservoirs. FMD and its control affect the productivity of resource-poor farmers who often depend on livestock for their livelihoods. A cross-sectional study was performed with the objectives to evaluate the perceptions of farmers concerning FMD control, estimate the proportion of cattle with presumed protective antibody titres against FMD, as well as the proportion of herds with adequate herd immunity at the wildlife-livestock interface within Mpumalanga Province. One hundred and four farmers were interviewed with 73% (76/104) being cattle owners and the remainder hired cattle herders. The majority of respondents (79%, 82/104) reported a high level of satisfaction with the current animal health programmes in general. The educational level of the respondents varied by satisfaction level: the median (interquartile range; IQR) education level was standard 9 (2–12) for non-satisfied respondents, standard 3 (0–6) for little satisfied and standard 7 (2–11) for very satisfied respondents (P = 0.036). Animals are not always treated at FMD inspections points, but satisfied respondents were more likely to seek veterinary assistance (P = 0.001). The majority of respondents (92%, 96/104) identified the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) as a risk factor for FMD outbreaks. Liquid-phase blocking ELISA antibody titres ≥1.6log10 were used to indicate positive serology secondary to FMD vaccination. At the time of sampling and relative to this threshold, 23% (95% confidence interval (CI): 12%–34%) of the sampled cattle had positive serology to SAT-1, 41% (95%CI: 33%–48%) to SAT-2 and 29% (95%CI: 19%–39%) to SAT-3. The median (IQR) time between the previous vaccination and sampling was 189 (168–241) days. The sampled cattle had a longer inter-vaccination interval as scheduled by state veterinary services and antibody levels were low at the time of the study. The majority of respondents expressed high satisfaction with the currently applied FMD vaccination programme, which provides an opportunity for progressive adaption of animal health programmes within the study area. en_ZA
dc.description.department Production Animal Studies en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship This work was funded by contract agreement with the Peace Parks Foundation (Project No. A0U199), with additional support from the Research Development Programme (Project No. A0T384) at the University of Pretoria and Incentive Funding for Rated Researchers from the National Research Foundation (Project No. 76734). en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/prevetmed en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lazarus, D.D., Fosgate, G.T., Van Schalkwyk, O.L. et al. 2017, 'Serological evidence of vaccination and perceptions concerning foot-and-mouth disease control in cattle at the wildlife-livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa', Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 147, pp. 17-25. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0167-5877 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-1716 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.08.016
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/69218
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Veterinary Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 147, pp. 17-25, 2017. doi : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.08.016. en_ZA
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) en_ZA
dc.subject Vaccination en_ZA
dc.subject Control en_ZA
dc.subject Wildlife interface en_ZA
dc.subject Communal farming en_ZA
dc.subject Sub-Saharan Africa en_ZA
dc.subject East coast fever en_ZA
dc.subject Outbreaks en_ZA
dc.subject Antigen en_ZA
dc.subject Kruger National Park (KNP) en_ZA
dc.subject Kruger National Park (South Africa) en_ZA
dc.title Serological evidence of vaccination and perceptions concerning foot-and-mouth disease control in cattle at the wildlife-livestock interface of the Kruger National Park, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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