In this article we examine the commitment to eradicate extreme poverty through global
partnerships within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the
controversial question of the right to development (RTD) under international law. Through an
in-depth profiling of the concept of poverty, we establish that extreme poverty, which results
from global injustices, is largely localised in developing countries and therefore begs the
question whether its eradication could realistically be achieved through global partnerships.
In making this determination, we interrogate why, despite its potential for poverty
eradication as illustrated with the Chinese experience, developed countries remain reticent in
recognising the RTD as a model for creating an international economic order that guarantees
global equity for development. We conclude with the argument that if poverty eradication
is to be achieved, it necessitates recognising the RTD, which imposes an obligation on
stakeholders that perpetuate global inequalities to make reasonable efforts to eliminate the
unfair practices that generate and sustain extreme levels of poverty in developing countries.